Deuteronomy (Gr. Aevtepovoulov, the repetition of the law, from evtepos, second, and vouos, law), the 5th book of the Pentateuch, containing the history of what passed in the wilderness during about five weeks (from the beginning of the 11th month to the 7th day of the 12th month), in the 40th year after the departure of the Israelites from Egypt. It recites to the people the events which had taken place in their history, and explains again the law which had been received at Sinai. According to the old traditional view, this book, like the four preceding books of the Pentateuch, was written by Moses, with the exception of ch. xxxiv. (the last), which gives an account of the death of Moses, and is supposed to have been written by the author of the book of Joshua, to serve as a point of transition to the latter book. Among the recent defenders of the authorship of Moses are Hengstenberg, Havernick, Delitzsch, Keil, and Moses Stuart. According to Ewald and Riehm, the book was written under Manasseh; according to Bunsen, under Hezekiah; according to De Wette and Lengerke, under Josiah. Ewald is of opinion that it was written by a Jew living in Egypt; according to Gesenius and Bohlen, it was the work of the prophet Jeremiah.