Echinades, in ancient geography, a group of islands in the Ionian sea, off the coast of Acar-nania, near the entrance of the gulf of Corinth. They were said to have been formed by the alluvial deposits of the river Achelous; and Herodotus says that many of them in his time had become reunited to the mainland. They took their name from the echinus, or sea urchin, in consequence of their sharp and prickly outlines. The largest of them was Dulichium, now a part of the mainland. Homer describes them as inhabited, but later writers speak of them as barren and deserted.- They are now called the Curzolari islands, and have five small villages, but their size is so small, and their productions so few, that they are of little importance. Lord Byron during his voyage from Cephalonia to Missolonghi, in January, 1824, took refuge among them, twice from storms and once from a Turkish cruiser. The great battle of Oct. 7, 1571, commonly called the battle of Lepanto, was fought off these islands instead of off the city of Naupac-tus, or Lepanto, and within the gulf, as the name implies.