Ejectment (Lat. ejectio firmoe; Fr. ejecte-ment de firme), an action for the recovery of the possession of lands. It was originally applicable to the case of a lessee for years who had been dispossessed; but by the legal fiction of supposing a lease to the imaginary person John Doe, and that he had been ousted by the other imaginary person Richard Roe, it was gradually made the substitute for the cumbrous real actions of the common law, and has come to be the common action, wherever the common law prevails, for the trial not merely of the right to possession, but to the title. To maintain the action it is sufficient that the plaintiff has a present legal right to possession, whether as tenant to another or as owner of the freehold; and a previous peaceful possession is sufficient evidence of such right as against a mere intruder who shows no right in himself. The legal fictions formerly belonging to this action are now generally dispensed with, and it has become one of the most simple and direct of all legal proceedings.