Erastns Brigham Bigelow, an American inventor, born at West Boylston, Mass., in April, 1814. He was intended for a physician, but his father having failed in business, he was unable to pursue his studies, and turned his attention to mechanical inventions. Before he was 18 he had invented a hand loom for weaving suspender webbing, and another for making piping cord. In 1838 he obtained a patent for an automatic loom for weaving knotted counterpanes, and contracted to build three of the machines; but having seen some imported counterpanes which would supersede those to be produced by his loom, he consented to the cancelling of the contract, and in a few months invented a loom capable of producing the new fabric. In 1839 he entered into an agreement with the Lowell manufacturing company to construct a power loom for weaving two-ply ingrain carpets, heretofore woven exclusively by the hand loom, which could only produce 8 yards a day. Mr. Bigelow's first loom produced 10 or 12 yards a day, and it has since been greatly improved by the inventor. In the mean time he had invented a loom for weaving coach lace.

In 1862 he proposed a scheme of uniform taxation throughout the United States, and published " The Tariff Question considered in regard to the Policy of England and the Interests of the United States."

He is the founder of the flourishing manufacturing village of Clinton, Worcester county, Mass., in which, besides other large manufacturing establishments, are the extensive works of the Bigelow carpet company.