Erastns Dow Palmer, an American sculptor, born in Pompey, Onondaga co., N. Y., April 2, 1817. He was brought up to the trade of a joiner, and at an early age attracted attention by ingenious carvings in wood of natural objects, such as leaves and animals. At the age of 29, while working at his trade in Utica, incited by a cameo portrait, he procured a shell and made a similar head of his wife. The success of this work decided him, and after a few years' practice in cameo cutting he turned his attention to sculpture, having in the mean time settled in Albany. His first work in marble, an ideal bust of the infant Ceres, modelled from one of his own children, was exhibited at the New York academy of design in 1850. This was followed by two bass reliefs of " Morning" and " Evening," and a statue of life size representing an Indian girl contemplating a crucifix which she holds in her hand. Among his other statues in marble are " The Sleeping Peri," " The Little Peasant," " Memory," a full-length recumbent statue of a young girl, a monumental work in Grace church, Utica, and " The Angel at the Sepulchre," a statue of heroic size in the Albany rural cemetery, one of his best works. "The White Captive" is a nude figure of a young American woman, a captive to savages who have tied her to a tree.

Among his works in bass relief are " Faith," "Immortality," "Sappho," "Peace in Bondage," "Good Morning," and "The Spirit's Flight." He has made many fine portrait busts, among others, of Alexander Hamilton, Washington Irving, Commodore M. C. Perry, E. D. Morgan, Moses Taylor, and Erastus Corning. He went to Paris in 1873 and modelled for the state of New York a statue of Robert R. Livingston, which was cast in bronze in Paris, and placed in the old hall of representatives at Washington in March, 1875. His most comprehensive design, representing the " Landing of the Pilgrims," including 16 statues of colossal size, is intended for the capitol at Washington. He still lives in Albany.