George Psalmanazar, the assumed name of a French impostor, born about 1679, died in London in 1753 or 1763. He travelled over various parts of France, Germany, and the Netherlands; was a soldier, a beggar, and a servant, pretending at first to be a Japanese and afterward a Formosan; and at length went to England with one Innes, a chaplain in a Scotch regiment, who claimed the credit of converting him to Christianity. In 1704 he published at London a pretended "History and Description of the Island of Formosa off the Coast of China," in which the description of the island was given with such apparent fidelity, the manners and customs were illustrated with so many engravings, and such copious specimens were given of a new language, that the belief in the story was general until the author revealed the imposition. He now applied himself seriously to study, and wrote a large portion of the " Universal History," a true account as far as known of Formosa for the "Complete System of Geography," an " Essay on Miracles," and a version of the Psalms. He left in manuscript his own memoirs, published in London in 1765.