Home, Or Hume John, a Scottish author, born at Ancrum about 1722, died in Edinburgh, Sept. 5, 1808. He was educated at the university of Edinburgh, and after a course of theological studies was licensed to preach in April, 1745. Upon the outbreak of the rebellion in 1745 he took up arms on the Hanoverian side. He was taken prisoner at Falkirk in 1746; but having effected his escape, he resumed his professional studies, and in the latter part of the year was presented to the parish of Athelstaneford. He gave much time to historical reading and dramatic composition, and in 1740 went to London with a tragedy entitled "Agis," which Garrick, then manager of Drury Lane, declined to accept. Although mortified by his ill success, he set about the composition of another tragedy, "Douglas," founded on the old ballad of "Gil Morrice," which, upon being presented to Garrick in 1755, was likewise refused. It was produced at Edinburgh in December, 1756, with great success; but so violent a storm was raised by the fact that a minister of the church of Scotland had written a play, that Home was threatened with deposition, to avoid which he resigned his living in June, 1757. He removed to London in the same year, when "Douglas" was brought out at Drury Lane with complete success.

By the aid of the sinecure office of conservator of Scots privileges at Campvere, presented to him by the earl of Bute, and of a pension of £300 from George III., he passed the remainder of his long life in affluence, the last 40 years in Scotland. He wrote four other tragedies, "The Fatal Discovery," "Alonzo," "Alfred," and "Aquileia." His literary reputation rests upon his "Douglas," which is still performed, notwithstanding the declaration of Garrick that it was totally unfit for the stage. He also wrote a " History of the Rebellion of 1745" (4to, London, 1802). His complete works, with an account of his life and writings, were published by Henry Mackenzie (3 vols. 8vo, Edinburgh, 1822).