Jean Gabriel Joseph Albert Chasteler, marquis de, an Austrian general, born in the castle of Mulbaes, in Hainaut, Jan. 22, 1763, died in Venice, March 10, 1825. He was descended from the ducal family of Lorraine. In 1778 he entered the Austrian service, and served in the war of the Bavarian succession, and in 1789 in the war against the Turks. In 1792 he defended the citadel of Namur for 14 days against the French, and was taken prisoner, but exchanged the next year, and highly distinguished himself in the succeeding campaigns,, reaching the rank of general. In 1795 he bore an active part in the third partition of Poland, and in 1798 was sent as envoy to St. Petersburg to engage Czar Paul in a second coalition against France. In 1799 he was quartermaster general in the Russo-Austrian army in Italy, and was dangerously wounded before Tortona. In the following years he repeatedly commanded in the Tyrol, distinguishing himself chiefly during the general uprising of 1809, when he gained considerable advantages over the ablest French generals. Napoleon, in an order of the day, styled him the chief of the brigands, and directed that if captured he should be brought before a court martial and shot within 24 hours. He was at length.
May 13, 1809, completely routed at Worgl by the French under Marshal Lefebvre, and made his escape to Hungary with only a handful of followers. After the treaty of Vienna he was made commandant of Troppau, then governor of Theresienstadt, and in 1813 of Dresden. When in 1815 the Lombardo-Venetian kingdom was established, he was made governor of Venice, which post he retained until his death. A monument to his memory was erected in Venice by the Austrian government.