Jean Le Clerc. See Le Clerc.

Jean Le Clerc #1

Jean Le Clerc, a Protestant theologian, of French descent, born in Geneva, March 19, 1657, died in Amsterdam, Jan. 8, 1736. His ancestors had taken refuge in Geneva, and he was educated under the care of his father, Etienne Le Clerc (1599-1676), and in 1679 was admitted to the ministry, after which he studied at Saumur. In 1682 he preached for some time in London, and subsequently went to Holland. His theological opinions leading to his exclusion from the Walloon church, he became in 1684 professor of literature, philosophy, and Hebrew at the college of the Remonstrants in Amsterdam, and afterward of ecclesiastical history. In 1728 a stroke of paralysis obliged him to retire. He had a protracted controversy with Bayle, chiefly on account of the strictures of the latter upon Cudworth's " Intellectual System of the Universe." He was a man of great erudition, and exerted a wide influence upon the theological opinions of his time. Among his works are: Bibliotheque universelle et historique (26 vols., Amsterdam, 1686-'93), in the first 10 volumes of which La Croze assisted him; Bibliotheque choisic, etc. (28 vols., 1703-'13); Bibliotheque an-cienne et moderne (28 vols., 1714-'27), the last volumes of which are by Bernard, and a 29th volume was published in 1730; Vie du cardinal Richelieu (2 vols., 1694; often republished); Commentarii Philologici et Para-phrasis in Vetus Testamentum (4 vols., 1690-1731); Ars Critica (2 vols., 1696; enlarged ed., 3 vols., 1731); and Parrhasania, a series of disquisitions vindicating his opinions (1699; enlarged ed., 2 vols., 1701; English translation, 1700). He also published an autobiography, Johannis Clerici Vita et Opera (Amsterdam, 1711; English translation, 1712).