John Gould, an English naturalist, born in Lyme, Dorsetshire, Sept. 14, 1804. Between the ages of 14 and 20 he resided at the royal gardens at Windsor, studying the habits of birds and collecting specimens. He was afterward engaged to prepare specimens for the museum of the London zoological society, and published " A Century of Birds from the Himalayan Mountains," with illustrations by his wife (fob, London, 1832). He next published "The Birds of Europe" (1832-'7). In 1838 he went to Australia, where he resided two years, collecting materials for his " Birds of Australia," also illustrated by his wife (7 vols. fob, 1842-'8), and for the " Mammals of Australia" (1845-'59). His "Monograph of the Trochilidae" (fob, 1850) was suggested by his unrivalled collection of humming birds, of which he had procured 2,000 specimens, illustrating 320 species. Among his remaining works are : "Monograph of the Ramphastidae " (fob, 1833-'5); "Icones Avium" (1837-'8); "Monograph of the Trogonidae" (1835-'8); "Monograph of the Macropodidae, or Family of Kangaroos" (1841-2); "Monograph of the Odontophorinae, or Partridges of America" (1844-'50); a supplement to the " Birds of Australia," containing species recently discovered; and a " Handbook to the Birds of Australia," giving all the information on the subject to the close of 1865. In 1873 he was preparing works on Asiatic and on British birds.