Joseph Pitton De Tournefort, a French bot-lanist, born in Aix, June 5, 1656, died in Paris near the close of 1708. After extensive studies and explorations he became in 1683 professor at the Jardin des plantes, and was admitted to the academy of sciences in 1692. In 1700 he was sent by Louis XIV. on a scientific expedition to the Levant. He returned in 1702, and was subsequently professor of medicine in the college de France. Linnaeus has preserved several of his classifications. His works include Elements de botanique (3 vols., Paris, 1694; new ed. of his Latin translation, with A. de Jussieu's additions, including his corollarium or classification of his vast collections, 3 vols., Lyons, 1719; English translation, 2 vols., London, 1719-'30); Histoire des plantes qui naissent aux environs de Paris, avec leurs usages dans la medecine (1698; enlarged ed. by Jussieu, 2 vols., 1725; English translation by Martyn, 2 vols., London, 1732); and Voyage du Levant (2 vols., 1717; English, 3 vols., 1741).