Joshua Toulmin, an English clergyman, born in London, May 11,1740, died in Birmingham, July 23, 1815. He was educated at a dissenting academy, and became pastor of a dissenting congregation in Colyton, and in 1765 of a Baptist congregation in Taunton, where he was also a bookseller. He subsequently adopted Unitarian opinions, received the degree of D. D. from Harvard college in 1794, and in 1804 was chosen one of the ministers of the Unitarian congregation at Birmingham, formerly presided over by Dr. Priestley, which post he retained till his death. His principal publications are: "Sermons to Youth" (12mo, Honiton, 1770); "Memoirsof Socinus" (1777); " Letter to Dr. John Sturges on the Church Establishment" (1782); " Dissertations on the Internal Evidences of Christianity" (1785); "Review of the Life, Character, and Writings of John Biddle, M.A." (1789); an edition of Neal's " History of the Puritans," with notes and additions (5 vols., 1794-'7; 3 vols., 1837); "Biographical Tribute to the Memory of Dr. Priestley" (1804); "Memoirs of the Rev. Samuel Bourne" (1809); and a "Historical View of the State of the Protestant Dissenters in England" (1814). Theophilus Browne edited and published 22 of his posthumous discourses (8vo, Birmingham, 1818).