I. A Native State Of India, in Raj-pootana, bordering on Boondee, Gwalior, and Indore, and bounded N. W. and W. by the Chumbul; area, about 5,000 sq. m.; pop. about 433,000. The surface is for the most part a plain, sloping gently northward from the high table land of Malwah. The soil is generally fertile and well cultivated, but the climate is very unfavorable, being intensely hot during the prevalence of the warm winds of summer, and extremely unhealthy during the rainy season. The rajah of Kotah is in subsidiary alliance with the British, pays a tribute of 184,-720 rupees, and maintains an irregular force commanded by British officers. These troops rose against the British, July 4, 1857, and two regiments of the rajah's native army did the same on Oct. 15. The rajah kept faith with his allies.
II. A City, capital of the state, on the Chumbul, 195 m. S. W. of Agra. It is a town of considerable size, with several temples, mosques, and palaces, and carries on an important domestic and transit trade. It was the scene of the murder of Major Burton and his two sons, and of the burning and plunder of the British residency, during the mutiny in 1857. The town was captured March 30, 1858.