Lander, a N. county of Nevada, intersected by Humboldt river and watered by the Reese; area, 10,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,815, of whom 218 were Chinese. The surface is diversified with mountains, hills, and valleys, comprising mineral, agricultural, and grazing lands. S. of the Humboldt are high mountain ranges, enclosing extensive valleys, some of which are fertile. These mountains form the most important metal-bearing portion of the county. The Reese river region in the S. W. is one of the principal mining districts of the state. The Central Pacific railroad crosses the county from E. to W. In 1873 the E. half, comprising the Eureka district and other rich mining sections, was set off to form Eureka co., reducing the area given above. The principal metal is silver, but considerable lead and some gold are found. The shipments of bullion in 1871 amounted to $3,800,000. The chief agricultural productions in 1870 were 1,363 bushels of wheat, 2,062 of oats, 29,307 of barley, 17,599 of potatoes, 4,600 lbs. of wool, 20,950 of butter, and 2,245 tons of hay. There were 597 horses, 570 milch cows, 7,695 other cattle, 1,501 sheep, and 205 swine; 3 manufactories of pig lead and 1 quartz mill.

Capital, Austin.