I. Gabriel Marie Jean Baptiste, a French poet, born in Paris, June 23, 1764, died there, Aug. 30, 1812. He inherited a large fortune from his father, the advocate Jean Baptiste Legouve. In 1792 he produced La mart d'Abel, a tragedy of some merit, which was sharply criticised by La Harpe. His Epi-charis et Neron (1793), in which the tyrant represented Robespierre, gained great success from the acting of Talma. Among his other works are Le merite des femmes, a didactic poem (1800), and La mort de Henri IV., a tragedy (1806). He was made a member of the institute and adjunct professor of Latin poetry. He became deranged in 1810, in consequence of the death of his wife and other misfortunes, and died in a private asylum. There is a complete edition of his works, by Bouilly and Malo (3 vols.. Paris, 1826).
II. Ernest Wilfrid, a French dramatist, son of the preceding, born in Paris, Feb. 14, 1807. At an early age he wrote novels, plays, and poems, and his lectures on L'Histoire morale desfemmes were published in 1848. In 1849, in conjunction with Scribe, he produced Adrienne Lecouvreur, which gained great popularity through the personation of the heroine by Rachel. She, however, paid a fine of 5,000 francs rather than perform in his Medee, a play which in Montanelli's Italian version was in 1856 very successful with Ristori. In 1856 he succeeded Ancelot as a member of the academy. Among his works are Beatrix (1861), La croix d'honneur et les comediens (1863), Miss Suzanne (1867), and Messieurs les enfants (1868).