Marie Felicite Brosset, a French orientalist, born in Paris, Feb. 5, 1802. He was educated for the church, and for three years was a teacher in Jesuit colleges, but abandoned theology and devoted himself to the Semitic and other eastern languages, composing a grammar and dictionary of the Georgian language out of the Georgian version of the Bible, and eking out a scanty subsistence by type-setting and proof-reading. He accepted an assistant professorship of Armenian and Georgian in the imperial academy of sciences in St. Petersburg, where he became academician, councillor of state, inspector of primary schools, director of the principal public library, and in 1851 custodian of the collection -of oriental coins at the Hermitage palace. He prepared eight volumes (the 13th to the 21st) of thenew edition of Lebeau's Histoire du Bas Empire, enriching it with original material from oriental sources, and published many geographical, archaeological, and historical works relating to Georgia and Armenia, the principal being Histoire de la Georgie (2 parts, St. Petersburg, 1849-'57) and Ruines d'Ani, capitale de VArmenie sous les rois Bagratides aux Xe et XIe siecles (2 vols., 1860-'61). His Rapport sur un voyage archeologique dans la Georgie et VArmenie (St. Petersburg, 1849-51) narrates his expedition to the Caucasus, Georgia, and Armenia, undertaken under the auspices of the Russian government.
He also contributed to Tchubinoff's Georgian-Russian-French dictionary, to the bulletins and memoirs of the St. Petersburg academy, and to the Journal Asia-tique of Paris, and translated from Armenian into French Sriphannos's Histoire de Siounie (St. Petersburg, 1864).