Marie Joseph Engene Sue, a French novelist, born in Paris, Dec. 10, 1804, died in Annecy, Aug. 3, 1857. He was an army and navy surgeon for several years till 1829, when he inherited a large fortune, and commenced writing maritime novels, of which La Salamandre (1832) attracted most attention. Under the patronage of the government he wrote Histoire de la marine frangaise au 17e siecle (5 vols. 8vo, 1835-7), which was a failure. In 1835 appeared Cecile and in 1841 Mathilde, two of his best novels, and in 1842 Le morne au diable and Therese Dunoyer. Les mysteres de Paris, a work presenting terrible pictures of vice and corruption (10 vols., 1842-'3), and Le Juif errant, a merciless attack upon the Jesuits (10 vols., 1844-'5), had a prodigious circulation, and passed through many editions and translations. His other works include Martin, Venfant trouve (12 vols., 1847); Les sept peches capitaux (16 vols., 1847-9); and Les mysteres du peuple, a narrative of the sufferings of a proletarian family through ages, which, after being continued serially from 1849 to 1856, was suppressed on account of its alleged immorality.
He failed in 1848 as a candidate for the constituent assembly, but the socialistic tendencies of his most popular works gave him in 1850 a majority in a metropolitan district, and he was a silent member of the extreme left till the coup d'etat of Dec. 2, 1851, which drove him from France. He afterward lived at Annecy, continuing his remarkable literary activity.