Melchior Joseph Eugene Daumas, a French soldier and author, born Sept. 4, 1803, died near Bordeaux in May, 1871. He entered the army as a volunteer in 1822, but was appointed a sub-lieutenant in 1827. In 1835 he was sent to Algeria, where he served in the campaigns of Mascara and Tlemcen, applied himself to the study of Arabic, and became noted for his acquaintance with the customs of the native population. From 1837 to 1839 he was consul at Mascara, the residence of the emir Abd-el-Kader. Gen. Lamoriciere gave him the control of native affairs in his department, and two years later he was placed at the head of the administration of Algeria, and the present constitution of the government is largely due to his arrangement. In 1849 he commanded an expedition against the revolted tribes. In 1850 he was appointed director of Algerian affairs in the ministry of war. He was made a general of division Jan. 14, 1853, and senator Aug. 12, 1857, and retired from active duty in the army in 1868. Among his works are: Expose de l'etat actuel de la societe arabe, etc. (Algiers, 1845); Le grand desert, published with A. de Chancel (Paris, 1845; new ed., 1861); La Grande Kabylie (1847); Mmurs et coutumes de FAlgerie (1853); and Les chevaux du Sahara, and Principes generaux du cavalier arabe (1855).