Mino Bird (Gracula Religiosa Linn), a coni-rostral bird of the starling family and subfamily graculinm. In this genus the bill is as long as the head, broad at the base and strong, with the culmen curved, sides compressed and nearly straight, and tip slightly notched; nostrils partially covered by the frontal plumes; wings long, with the first quill rudimental, and the second shorter than the third and fourth, which are longest; tail short and nearly even; tarsi shorter than the middle toe, stout, and covered with strong scales; toes long, the outer the longest, and the hind one very long and strong; claws curved and robust; some parts of the head are naked or carunculated. This species, the best known of the genus, is about 10 1/2. in. long, of which the tail is 3, and the expanse of wings 19 in.; the body is round and plump; the color is velvet black, with green, blue, and purple reflections; on the wings is a white speculum; the bill, feet, and caruncles behind the eyes, yellow. It is found in Java, Sumatra, and other islands of the East Indian archipelago, inhabiting the jungles, where it is seen in pairs or small parties in the tups of lofty trees, searching for fruits, berries, and insects.

It is easily domesticated, and becomes very familiar; it soon learns to whistle, sing, and talk, imitating the human voice, according to Latham, more nearly than any other bird; it is frequently kept as a cage bird in the East Indies, and sometimes in Europe and in this country, where as much as $100 has been paid for a single bird. Another species, with similar habits, is the musical grakle (G. musica, Temm.), found also in the East Indies.

Mino Bird (Gracula religiosa).

Mino Bird (Gracula religiosa).