Montrose, a seaport town of Forfarshire, Scotland, 23 m. N. E. of Dundee; pop.'of the borough in 1871, 14,548; of the parish, 15,783. It is on the W. side of a sandy peninsula, having the sea on the east, the mouth of the South Esk river on the south, and on the west a shallow basin 3 m. long and 2 m. wide, which becomes dry at low tide. The harbor is one of the best on the E. coast of Scotland. Its mouth is narrow, but is marked by a lofty beacon on the S. and two lighthouses on the 1ST. E. side, and admits vessels drawing 18 ft. There are quays and dry and wet docks. A chain suspension bridge 432 ft. long, built in 1829, connects the town with the suburb of the Inch across the South Esk. In the High street are statues of Sir Robert Peel and Joseph Hume, who was a native of the place. There are 14 churches, schools for which the town is celebrated, and two lunatic asylums. Between the town and the sea are the Links or downs, celebrated for races and golf matches. Near Montrose are the Montrose pits, a singular hollow in the sea, 30 fathoms deeper than the tract around, where cod are caught in great numbers. There are linen manufactories, employing about 4,000 persons, besides ship yards, iron founderies, and starch manufactories.
In 1871 the imports were valued at £277,203, the exports at £21,216; the number of entrances was 133, tonnage 31,614; clearances 73, tonnage 16,334. The borough of Montrose received its first charter from David I., early in the 12th century. It was the seat of the first school of Greek in Scotland.