Montyon, Or Montbyon, Antoine Jean Baptiste Robert Anget, baron de, a French philanthropist, born in Pari. Dec. 23 or 26, 1733 died there 1820. He was successively intenaant of the provinces of Provence, Auvergne, and Vunis. As member of the royal council he protested against the dissolution of ancient parliaments decreed by Chancellor Maupeou, and was deprived of his office. Soon after the accession of Louis XVI. he was appointed councillor of state, became in 1780 chancellor of the count d'Artois (afterward Charles X.), emigrated to England on the breaking out of the revolution, and did not return until the second restoration. He possessed a princely fortune, and devoted the larger portion to philanthropic purposes, founding prizes, assisting his exiled countrymen, and bequeathing to French hospitals over 3,000,000 francs. Every year the French academy distrihutes two Mqn-tvon prizes on a foundation of 10.000 francs each: one to the poor person who has performed the most meritorious deed of virtue; the other to the author of the work most useful for the improvement of public morals.

Two others of equal amount are awarded by the academy of sciences: one to him who shall have found during the year some improvement of the medical and surgical art; the other to him who shall have discovered the means of rendering some mechanical art less unhealthy. Monty on published an Eloge du ehancelur de lHospital (Paris, 1777); Recher-ches it considerations 8ur la population de la France, (1778); an essay on the influence of the discovery of America upon Europe, which won a pri/.e at the French academy; Quelle inffuenre ont hs diverses expires dHmpots sur la moralite. Vactitite et Vindustrie des peuples? (1808); and some other writings.