Lhopital, Or Lhospital, Michel De, a French statesman, born at Aigueperse, Auvergne, about 1505, died near Etampes in March, 1573. He was made president of the court of accounts in 1554, and chancellor of France in 1560. In the former office he proved his integrity and courage by refusing the 20,000 livres which Henry II. demanded for Diana of Poitiers; in the latter he refused to sign a sentence of death against the prince of Conde. His aim was to moderate all parties, and he opposed violence in politics and intolerance in religion. To him were due the edict of Romorantin (1560), which prevented the establishment of the inquisition in France; the ordinance of Orleans (1561), at once an administrative, judicial, and religious code; the edict of pacification (1562), which authorized the free exercise of Protestant worship, with certain precautions for the preservation of peace; the edict of Roussillon (1564), which fixed the beginning of the year at Jan. 1; and the ordinance of Moulins (1566), to reform the administration of justice, He gave up the seals of office in 1568, and retired to the country.

His moderation had drawn upon him the enmity and suspicion of the Catholic party, especially as his wife and family had all become Protestants. A troop sent to protect him at the period of the St. Bartholomew massacre being mistaken for assassins, he commanded the door to be opened to them, Saying that his time would come whenever God pleased. His complete works, embracing Latin poems, harangues, memoirs addressed to the king and the parliament, and a political testament, were edited by Dufey (4 vols., Paris, 1824). A new edition of his poems was published in Paris in 1857.