Fayetteville, a city and the capital of Cumberland co., North Carolina, on the W. bank of Cape Fear river, at the head of natural navigation, 100 m. above Wilmington, and at the terminus of the Western railroad of North i Carolina, 55 m. S. of Raleigh; pop. in 1870, |

4,600, of whom 2,318 were colored. It is the centre of an active trade, and the seat of manufactures of some importance. The Cape Fear river has been rendered navigable by means of locks and dams as far as the coal mines of Chatham co., and plank roads have been constructed leading to various parts of the interior. The neighboring pine forests furnish large quantities of lumber, tar, and turpentine for exportation. The city contains 10 turpentine distilleries, two manufactories of cotton sheetings, and two national banks. It is governed by a mayor and a board of seven commissioners. It has an academy, a female high school, a colored primary school, two private schools, a semi-weekly and two weekly newspapers, and 25 churches, viz.: 5 Baptist, 3 Episcopal, 8 Methodist, 8 Presbyterian, and 1 Roman Catholic.-Fay-etteville was settled in 1762, and before receiving its present name in 1784 was known successively as Campbelltown and Cross Creek. In 1831 it was partly destroyed by fire. The United States arsenal at this point, containing 35,000 small arms besides a number of cannon and a considerable quantity of ammunition, was taken possession of by the confederates, April 22, 1861. The city was occupied by Gen. Sherman, March 11-14, 1865, when the arsenal with the machinery which had been brought from Harper's Ferry was destroyed.