Fulton. I. A village of Oswego co., New York, on the E. bank of the Oswego river, about 10 m. S. S. E. of Oswego, and on the Oswego canal, and the Oswego and Syracuse and New York and Oswego Midland railroads; pop. in 1870, 3,507. It is chiefly noted for its manufactures. The principal establishments are machine shops, iron founderies, a planing mill, flour mills, woollen mills, and manufactories of pails, tubs, paper, boats, sashes, doors, and blinds, bedsteads, lime, potash, edge tools, etc. There are marble yards, many fine stores, two national banks, and two weekly newspapers. The Falley academy (Presbyterian) in 1872 had 5 instructors and 82 pupils.

II. A town and the capital of Callaway co., Missouri, on a branch of the Chicago and Alton railroad, 12 m. from the Missouri river, and 20 m. N. E. of Jefferson City; pop. in 1870,1,585, of whom 430 were colored. It is the seat of the state asylum for the deaf and dumb, and of the state lunatic asylum, which occupies a beautiful edifice, five stories high and 210 ft. long, on a plot of 460 acres. Westminster college (Presbyterian) in 1872 had 12 professors and instructors, 101 students, and a library of 2,500 volumes. The town contains a national bank, three weekly newspapers, and manufactories of earthenware.