Gardiner. I. Sylvester, an American physician, born in Kingston, R. I., in 1717, died in Newport, Aug. 8, 1786. He studied medicine in London and Paris, subsequently practised his profession in Boston, and opened there a drug establishment, from which the New England colonies were chiefly supplied. He was one of the early promoters of inoculation for the smallpox, and a liberal contributor for the erection of King's chapel, Boston. He became possessed of large tracts of land in Kennebec co., Me., and about the middle of the century was instrumental in establishing there the settlement of Pittston, a portion of which was subsequently set off into a separate town, under the name of Gardiner, where he built and endowed Christ church. He retired from Boston on its evacuation by the British troops, but returned to the United States at the close of the revolutionary war, and passed the rest of his life here.

II. Johu, an American advocate, son of the preceding, born in Boston in 1731, drowned off Cape Ann in October, 1793. He studied law at the Inner Temple, London, and was admitted to practise in the courts at Westminster hall. He formed an intimacy with Churchill and Wilkes, and was junior counsel of the latter at his trial in 1764, and also appeared for Beardmore and Meredith, who for writings in support of Wilkes had been imprisoned on a general warrant. In 1766 he procured the appointment of attorney general in the island of St. Christopher, where he remained until after the American revolution, when he returned to Boston. After residing there a few years, he removed to Pownalbor-ough, Me., which place he represented in the Massachusetts legislature until his death. As a legislator he distinguished himself by his efforts in favor of law reform, particularly the abolition of special pleading, and the repeal of the statutes against theatrical entertainments. In connection with the latter subject he published a "Dissertation on the Ancient Poetry of the Romans," and an accompanying speech. The abolition of the law of primogeniture in Massachusetts was due to his efforts.

He was one of the most influential of the early Unitarians of Boston, and participated in the transformation of King's chapel from an Episcopal into a Unitarian Congregational church. Ill. John Sylvester John, an American clergyman, son of the preceding, born in Haverford West, South Wales, in June, 1775, died in Harrow-gate, England, July 29, 1830. He accompanied his father to the West Indies, and subsequently studied in Boston, and in England under the celebrated Dr. Parr, with whom he remained six years. Returning to America, ho was in 1787 ordained by Bishop Provoost of New York. In 1805 he became rector of Trinity church, the chief Episcopal parish in Boston. He wrote the "Jacobiniad," a satire on the republican clubs of Boston.