Giles. I. A S. W. county of Virginia, intersected by Kanawha or New river; area, 350 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,875, of whom 598 were colored. The surface is high and rugged, the mean elevation being 1,600 ft. above the sea; the principal summits are Peter's and Walker's mountains. The soil of the uplands is poor, but the valleys and river bottoms are very fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 53,598 bushels of wheat, 12,633 of rye, 105,402 of Indian corn, 23,474 of oats, and 1,351 tons of hay. There were 1,295 horses, 1,346 milch cows, 2,095 other cattle, 4,471 sheep, and 5,247 swine. Capital, Pearisburg.
II. A S. county of Tennessee, bordering on Alabama, watered by Elk river and some of its branches; area, 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 32,413, of whom 12,738 were colored. It has a slightly uneven surface and a fertile soil. The chief productions in 1870 were 145,635 bushels of wheat, 2,054,163 of Indian corn, 70,512 of oats, 32,556 of Irish and 28,074 of sweet potatoes, 228,560 lbs. of butter, 1,644 tons of hay, and 8,367 bales of cotton. There were 7,672 horses, 3,458 mules and asses, 6,536 milch cows, 9,886 other cattle, 18,658 sheep, and 47,700 swine; 2 manufactories of cotton goods, 7 of saddlery and harness, 1 of tin, copper, and sheet-ironware, 2 flour mills, 11 saw mills, 6 tanneries, and 5 currying establishments. Capital, Pulaski.