Jean James Fazy, a Swiss politician, born in Geneva, May 12, 1790. He completed his education in France, wrote several treatises on political economy, and was extensively connected with journalism in Paris (where his radical opinions involved him in difficulties with the French government) and in Switzerland. After his return to Geneva he took an active part in the establishment of a new constitution, and distinguished himself as the principal champion of the introduction of trial by jury, which institution was adopted, Jan. 12, 1844. In 1846 the radicals became exasperated at the neutrality observed by the Genevese government in the conflict between the Catholic and Protestant cantons. A revolution broke out on Oct. 5, a provisional government was established on the 9th, and Fazy, who placed himself at its head, became the ruling spirit of the new grand council of Geneva. The city was embellished under his direction, and he also gave a powerful impulse to the construction of railways and telegraphs. As a delegate of Geneva in 1847 he exerted himself in behalf of the new federal constitution, which was adopted Sept. 12, 1848. From February to December, 1848, he was out of office, owing to disagreement with some of his colleagues; but with this exception he was uninterruptedly at the head of the Genevese government until Nov. 14, 1853. In 1853 he was vice president of the federal council of states, and in 1854 president; and in 1855 he was reinstated in his former position of president of the government of Geneva, but had to resign in November, 1864. Having been indicted as the leader of the riots which took place in August, he fled to France, but returned when the case was abandoned, and obtained once more a seat in the grand council, which he gave up again in 1865, and accepted anew in 1868. He has written Essai d'un precis de Vhistoire de la republique de Geneve (Geneva, 1838).