In 1776 the population was 2,614,300 including slaves.

Date Official Census

1790................ 3,929,827

1800................ 5,305,940

1810................ 7,239,814

1820................ 9,638,190

1830................12,866,020

Date Official Census

1840................17,068,666

1850...............23,191,074

1860...............31,443,332

1870................38,555,983

1880................50,155,783

Estimated population (by State Officials) 1890 is 66,235,525.

The Capitol City (Washington, D. C.)

The Capitol of the United States has been located at different times at the following places: At Philadelphia from Sept. 5, 1774, until December, 1776; at Baltimore from December 20,1776, to March, 1777; at Philadelphia from March 4, 1777, to September, 1777; at Lancaster, Penn., from Sept. 27,1777, to September 30, 1777; at York, Penn., from September 30, 1777, to July 1778; at Philadelphia from July 2, 1778, to June 30, 1783; at Princeton, N. J., June 30, 1783, to November 20, 1783; Annapolis, Md., November 26, 1783, to November 30, 1784; Trenton from November, 1784, to January, 1785; New York from January 11, 1785, to 1790; then the seat of government was removed to Philadelphia, where it remained until 1800, since which time it has been at Washington.

The cornerstone of the Capitol building was laid by President Washington in 1793, and the north only was completed when the Government took possession. In 1814 it was partially destroyed by fire, set by the British forces, but was immediately repaired. The entire building, as originally designed, was finally completed in 1827. The extensions subsequent were commenced in 1851 and completed in 1859.

The Capitol is situated in latitude 38° 53' 20".4 north, longtitude 77° 00' 35". 7 west. It fronts east, and stands on a plateau eighty-eight feet above the level of the Potomac. The entire length of the building from north to south is seven hundred and fifty-one feet four inches, and its greatest dimensions from east to west three hundred and fifty feet. The area covered is one hundred and fifty-three thousand one hundred and twelve square feet.

The dome was completed in 1865. It is of iron - crowned by a bronze statue of Freedom - and weighs 8,900,200 lbs. The statue of Freedom is nineteen feet six inches high, and weighs 14,985 pounds. The height of the dome is two hundred and eighty-seven feet five inches. Its diameter at the base is one hundred and thirty-five feet five inches. The rotunda is ninety-five feet six inches in diameter, and its height from the floor to the top of the canopy is one hundred and eighty feet three inches.