Since the organization of the Federal Government eleven attempts have been made to resist its authority.

The first was in 1782, a conspiracy of some of the officers of the Federal Army to consolidate the Thirteen States into one and confer the supreme power under George Washington.

The second was in 1787, called Shay's Insurrection, in Massachusetts. The third was in 1794, called the Whiskey Insurrection of Pennsylvania.

The fourth was in 1814, by the Hartford Convention.

The fifth was in 1820, over the question of the admission of Missouri into the Union.

The sixth was a collision between the Legislature of Georgia and the Federal Government in regard to the land given to the Creek Indians.

The seventh was in 1830 with the Cherokees in Georgia.

The eighth was in 1832, the memorable nullifying ordinance of South Carolina.

The ninth was in 1842 in Rhode Island, between the Suffrage Association and the State authorities.

The tenth was in 1856 on the part of the Mormons who resisted the Federal authorities.

The eleventh, in 1861-1865, was the Civil War or the late attempt at secession of the Southern States.