This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Foulard (Fou-Lard'). A term which at first denoted a thin gauze French riband. At present foulard silk is a soft, thin washable dress silk, woven without twill, and generally printed in colors on black or white grounds. It was originally made in India, but is now successfully produced in France. An imitation of silk foulard is also made of cotton, of a medium soft finish, printed with mingled patterns; used for women's dresses. This latter was formerly much used, but its manufacture is now almost discontinued, having been superseded by sateen; sometimes known under the name of fonlardine.