This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Tarlatan (Tarl'-Tan). [From Italian tarlantanna, linsey woolsey] A thin, gauze-like fabric made of cotton, so open in texture as to be transparent, and often of a rather coarse quality, used formerly for ball dresses, but at present for children's wear and fancy work. It is of an open texture like plain-woven swiss but is more heavily " sized." Tarlatan is piece-dyed in tints of blue, pink, green and drab, and is put up in 12-yard lengths.