Garnet Or Granate is a gem or precious stone of a high red colour; thus called from the resemblance it bears to the kernel of a pomegranate. Garnets are either oriental or occidental: the first are found in several parts of the East Indies and Syria; the second in Spain, Scotland, Bohemia and Silesia. Those from the east are distinguished by their colour. Some are of a deep brownish red, as big as a hen's egg; others are nearly of the hue of the hyacinth: a third kind as a mixture of violet with the red. Of the occidental garnets, those of Silesia are the darkest, and those of Bohemia the most valued. They are found near Prague, not. in any particular mines, but are picked by peasants in the fields, from among the sand and pebbles.