Numerals. The numerical figures, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. 0, are upon good authority believed to be of Indian origin. They were not used in Germany till the beginning of the fourth century, nor in Russia until the beginning of the last century. Before the use of these figures, the Roman numerals or alphabetic characters were used. Men in the first instance counted with their fingers ; and hence four simple strokes stand for four. Five was represented by a rude drawing of the left hand with the back towards the counter, viz. V. Two V's together counted ten, and made the figure X. The hundred was marked by the letter C, which stood for the Latin word centum. The latter form of numerical notation is stated still to be preserved in the accounts of the English Exchequer.