I

Poppy oil........... 1 part

Lead acetate........ 2 parts

Tincture benzoin.... 1 part Tincture quillaia. ... 5 parts Spirit nitrous ether... 1 part

Rose water......... 95 parts

Saponify the oil with the lead acetate; add the rose water, and follow with the tinctures.

II

Chloral hydrate..... 2 drachms

Carbolic acid....... 1 drachm

Tincture iodine...... 60 drops

Glycerine........... 1 ounce

Mix and dissolve. Apply with a camel's-hair pencil at night.

III

Distilled vinegar.. .   660 parts Lemons, cut in

small pieces.....   135 parts

Alcohol, 85 per cent...........     88 parts

Lavender oil......     23 parts

Water............     88 parts

Citron oil.........       6 parts

This mixture is allowed to stand for 3 or 4 days in the sun and filtered. Coat, by means of a sponge before retiring, the places of the skin where the freckles are and allow to dry.

Freckles and Liver Spots

Modern dermatological methods of treating freckles and liver spots are based partly on remedies that cause desquamation and those that depigmentate (or destroy or neutralize pigmentation). Both methods may be distinguished in respect to their effects and mode of using into the following: The active ingredients of the desquamative pastes are reductives which promote the formation of epithelium and hence expedite desquamation.

There are many such methods, and especially to be mentioned is that of Unna, who uses resorcin for the purpose. Lassar makes use of a paste of napnthol and sulphur.