Soap Substitutes

I

Linseed oil.........   28 pounds

Sulphur...........     8 pounds

Aluminum soap. ...   28 pounds

Oil of turpentine.. . .     4 pounds

II

Aluminum soap. ...   15 pounds

Almadina..........   25 pounds

Caoutchouc........   50 pounds

Sulphur...........     6 pounds

Oleum succini......     4 pounds

Shampoo Soap

Linseed oil..........   20 parts

Malaga olive oil.....   20 parts

Caustic potash.......     9.5 parts

Alcohol............ 1 part

Water..............   30 parts.

Warm the mixed oils on a large water bath, then the potash and water in another vessel, heating both to 158° F., and adding the latter hot solution to the hot oil while stirring briskly. Now add and thoroughly mix the alcohol. Stop stirring, keep the heat at 158° P. until the mass becomes clear and a small quantity dissolves in boiling water without globules of oil separating. Set aside for a few days before using to make the liquid soap.

The alcohol may be omitted if a transparent product is immaterial.

Sapo Durus

Olive oil............ 100 parts

Soda lye, sp. gr., 1.33 . 50 parts Alcohol (90 per cent). 30 parts Heat on a steam bath until saponification is complete. The soap thus formed is dissolved in 300 parts of hot distilled water, and salted out by adding a filtered solution of 25 parts of sodium chloride and 5 parts of crystallized sodium carbonate in 80 parts of water.

Sapo Mollis

Olive oil............ 100 parts

Solid potassium hydroxide........... 21 parts

Water.............. 100 parts

Alcohol (90 per cent). 20 parts Boil by means of a steam bath until the oil is saponified, adding, if necessary, a little more spirit to assist the saponification.