A "machine by which wood, ivory, metals, and other materials are turned and cut as they revolve by a tool held in the hand or fixed in a slide-rest. All the rounded parts of furniture, such as legs of tables, chairs, and stools, the balusters of staircases, tool handles, round rulers, etc., are made on the lathe. Billiard balls and chess-men, and all the round parts of engines and other machines, are made on various kinds of lathes. Articles of irregular form, such as the stocks of guns and pistols, and hollow things, such as wooden bowls and dishes, bread platters and boxes, are also made on the turning-lathe.