Marsh - Marigold, or Meadow-bouts; Caltha palus-tris, L. an indigenous perennial plant, thriving in moist meadows, and on the banks of rivers: it flowers in the months of April and May.

This, hardy vegetable preserves its verdure during the winter : hence, its cultivation has been recommended by Du Hamel, as an excellent winter pasture for cattle. -It may be easily propagated either by parting the roots in autumn, or by sowing its seeds about the latter end of the summer: it requires a humid soil, and a shady situation. When gathered before they expand, the flowers, if preserved in vinegar with the addition of salt, may be used as a substitute for capers. The juice of the petals, boiled with a little alum, communicates to paper a yellow colour; and it may likewise be employed in the spring, for imparting a similar tinge to butter.—Although Boerhaave informs us that cows will not touch this plant, unless impelled by hunger, when it produces a fatal inflammation ; yet we believe with Du Hamel and Bechstein, that cattle may eat it with safety ; as they instinctively devour its bitter leaves,— Goats and sheep also relish the Marsh-marigold; but horses and swine refuse it.