Succory, or Cichorium, L. a genus of three plants, the following of which are the principal ; namely :
1. The IntybuS, Wild Cigho-ry, or Succory, is an indigenous biennial, growing on the borders of corn-fields, chiefly in calcareous soils; where it flowers in July and August. This vegetable is eaten by sheep, goats, and swine, but refused by cows and horses. Its leaves, when blanched, form an ingredient in early spring salads; and, if this plant be cultivated in a light and somewhat moist soil, they will be totally divested of their bitterness. The roots are moderately bitter: if gathered while young, they may be eaten among other vegetables; or, when dried and reduced to powder, they may be usefully converted into bread. - In its medicinal properties, the Wild Succory is cooling and corroborant : its juice, when taken in considerable quantities, for several weeks, so as to produce a slight diarrhoea, has been found very serviceable in inveterate cutaneous diseases. In Germany, the roots are dried, cut in small squares, roasted, ground and mixed with coffee; which, by some, is esteemed as a wholesome corrector of this foreign drug.
2. The Endivia, or Endive, is an exotic annual species, which is generally reared in our gardens, as an ingredient in winter salads. It is propagated by scattering the seeds in spots of open ground, at intervals, from the beginning of June to the end of July; in order to obtain a supply for the table. The young plants must be removed into beds or borders, that have previously been well prepared by the spade: and, as the chief excellence of endive consists in the whiteness of its inner leaves, it will be advisable, either to cover them with flower-pots, or to tie them loosely together, when nearly full grown, so as to exclude them from the sun, for two or three weeks ; in consequence of which, they will become perfectly blanched. In the winter, they are either covered with straw, and mats; or preserved in fresh sand, in a dry cellar. In its properties, this plant is not essentially different from the preceding species.