Used only in small quantities, fired from one-and-one-half Very pistol. Ignited upon coming in contact with earth. Burned for a period of from 30 to 40 seconds.
Contained 1 pound of amorphous phosphorus in a tin container. Exploded by detonating cap. Produced a very dense smoke. Used in "mopping up."
Used by British for daylight signaling. Visible to a considerable distance.
In British experiments attained height of 8,000 feet. Garnished with flare reflecting light upward against aeroplanes. Difficulty with reflector.
Range of 1,100 feet. Light to pierce mist or fog.
Held 390 grams of black powder. Used by men on signal post for attracting attention to signals by detonation.
Made by the French from a mixture of gunpowder and aluminum (powdered). Intended to confuse enemy by imitating effect of their range-finding shell.
Made by the French to be fired from a special gun. Carried mixtures for either light or smoke to be used in signaling by infantry and aircraft.
Seven flares attached to parachute in cast-iron tube. Fired from gun.
Made in nine models by the French. Various colors or combinations of colors.
Used for revealing approach of the enemy at night. Successfully employed near wire entanglements. Consisted of tube in which a Bickford fuse was attached to a string so that at an alarm a pull ignited the piece and disclosed the enemy.
Used by British for firing messages. Range of 800 yards. Flare attached to the projectile ignited after 300 yards. Continued to burn until it struck the ground. Was used as substitute for a chain of runners, as when the gun was once set, messages could be delivered at the same place very handily, since one man could carry gun and 10 projectiles easily.
Emitted light to illuminate one mile in diameter for instantaneous photographing. Duration two-fifths of a second. In effect a giant flashlight powder.
Consisted of seven yellow and seven purple smoke trails.
Lamp with revolver handle and trigger, using acetylene or electricity. Employed by French for aeroplane landing, etc.