1. The influence of residence in the tropics on persons from the temperate zones. Interview persons who have been there.

2. The desirability of life for a teacher in the Philippines, Porto Rico, or Panama. Interview one who has been there.

3. Give other examples of the influence of climate on people. Draw on your knowledge of geography; of history.

4. Give specific instances - for which place and date could be given - of the influence of weather on school life. Interview teachers.

1Sumner, Folkways, pp. 76, 77, 162,163.

5. In what ways do particular teachers plan to vary the usual routine of school in deference to extreme conditions of weather? In what ways do the school authorities permit such variations?

6. Find the exact time of the school vacations in the southern hemisphere, or in some latitude remote from our own.

7. Read Whittier's Snow-Bound and state the implications it makes about the social influence of winter.

8. Keep a record of the weather for a month. Compare with a teacher's record of daily recitations for the same period and see if there is any correlation.

9. Describe some new type of school building, from observation preferably. U. S. Bureau of Education, Bulletin, 1914, No. 12.


1. Give examples of the way a society contributes to the making of the human factors in its environment.

2. Does man become more or less subservient to nature with the progress of civilization?

3. Is it better, rather than to vary the usual routine in deference to the weather, to teach pupils to heroically overcome whatever difficulties may beset the performance of the work which needs to be done?

4. Are cities located on suitable sites, or are the sites made suitable after the cities are located?

5. The advantages, other than economic, of rural location compared with urban. Ellis, Task of Social Hygiene, pp. 178-181; American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 20, pp. 577-612; Vol. 22, pp. 630-649.

6. In what ways should the character of the locality find recognition in the curriculum of the elementary school? Use this state as an illustration. Take note of climate, clothing, dwellings, and foods with their demands on domestic science; of prevalent industries, with their bearing on vocational training and with the need of dignifying the prevailing occupations.


Ayres, School Buildings and Their Equipment, in Cleveland Survey.

Blackmar and Gillin, Outlines of Sociology, pp. 67-81.

Buckle, History of Civilization, Chap. II. Selection in Carver, Sociology and Social Progress, pp. 174-270.

Chapin, Social Evolution, pp. 121-170.

Dexter, Conduct and the Weather, monograph supplement of Psychological Review, Vol. 2, No. 6.

Fairbanks, Introduction to Sociology, pp. 69-79.

Giddings, Descriptive and Historical Sociology, pp. 67-71, 92-96, 118-

121, 272-274.

Giddings, Elements of Sociology, pp. 13-21.

Giddings, Principles of Sociology, pp. 82-87.

Gillette, Constructive Rural Sociology, pp. 9-47.

Hayes, Introduction to the Study of Sociology, pp. 29-41.

Hoag and Terman, Health Work in Schools, pp. 133-220, five chapters on transmissible diseases, open-air schools, and school housekeeping.

Huntington, Civilization and Climate, pp. 27-33, Bahamas; pp. 35-48, tropics; pp. 40-82, seasons; pp. 111-128, weather; pp. 129-182 and 199-218, climate and civilization, all summarized in the maps on p. 200.

Huntington, The Pulse of Asia, pp. 1-16, Central Asia; pp. 125-132, the Kirghiz; pp. 223-238, the Chantos; pp. 359-385, the geographic basis of history.

Keller, Societal Evolution, pp. 256-273, arctic society; pp. 299-305 temperate climate vs. tropical.

Kelsey, The Physical Basis of Society, pp. 11-45.

Monroe, Cyclopedia of Education, "Geography"; "Guyot"; "Rit-ter"; "Maps."

Montesquieu, The Spirit of Laws, Books XIV, XVII, XVIII.

National Society for the Study of Education, Fifteenth Yearbook, Part I, pp. 41-51, Strayer, "Score Card for City School Buildings," with bibliography.

* Semple, Influences of Geographic Environment, especially the second chapter and the last.

Shaler, "Effect of the Physiography of North America on Men of European Origin," in Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of America, Vol. IV, pp. x-xxx, and reprinted in Bullock's Selected Readings in Economics, pp. 1-22.

Small, General Sociology, pp. 405-424.

Todd, Theories of Social Progress, pp. 157-175.

Towne, Social Problems, pp. 1-17.

Treitschke, Politics, Vol. I, pp. 199-233.

U. S. Bureau of Education, Bulletin, 1914, No. 12, Dresslar, "Rural Schoolhouses and Grounds."

Vogt, Introduction to Rural Sociology, pp. 26-34.

Ward, Climate, pp. 178-219, "The Hygiene of the Zones"; pp. 220-271, "The Life of Man in the Tropics"; pp. 272-321, "The Life of Man in the Temperate Zones"; pp. 322-337, "The Life of Man in the Polar Zones."