(b) Time shall not be called for the end of a three-quarter until the ball is dead; and in the case of a try-at-goal from a touch-down the try shall be allowed. Time shall be taken out while the ball is being brought out, either for a try, kick-out, or kick-off.

Rule 17

No one wearing projecting nails or iron plates on his shoes, or any metal substance upon his person, shall be allowed to play in a match. No sticky or greasy substance shall be used on the person of players.

Rule 18

The ball goes into touch when it crosses the side line, or when the holder puts part of either foot across or on that line. The touch line is in touch, and the goal line in goal.

Rule 19

The captains shall toss up before the commencement of the match, and the winner of the toss shall have his choice of goal or of kick-off. The same side shall not kick off in two successive halves.

Rule 20

The ball shall be kicked off at the beginning of each half; and whenever a goal has been obtained, the side which has lost it shall kick off. (See Rules 32 and 34.)

Rule 21

A player who has made and claimed a fair catch shall take a drop-kick, or a punt, or place the ball for a place-kick. The opponents may come up to the catcher's mark, and the ball must be kicked from some spot behind that mark on a parallel to touch line.

Rule 22

The side which has a free-kick must be behind the ball when it is kicked. At kick-off the opposite side must stand at least ten yards in front of the ball until it is kicked.

Rule 23

Charging is lawful for opponents if a punter advances beyond his line, or in case of a place-kick, immediately the ball is put in play by touching the ground. In case of a punt-out, not till ball is kicked.

Rule 24

(a) A player is put off side, if, during a scrimmage he gets in front of the ball, or if the ball has been last touched by his own side behind him. It is impossible for a player to be off side in his own goal. No player when off side shall touch the ball, or interrupt, or obstruct opponent with his hands or arms until again on side.

(6) A player being off side is put on side when the ball has touched an opponent, or when one of his own side has run in front of him, either with the ball, or having touched it when behind him.

(c) If a player when off side touches the ball inside the opponents' five-yard line, the ball shall go as a touch-back to the opponents.

Rule 25

No player shall lay his hands upon, or interfere by use of hands or arms, with an opponent, unless he has the ball. The side which has the ball can only interfere with the body. The side which has not the ball can use the hands and arms, as heretofore.

Rule 26

(a) A foul shall be granted for intentional delay of game, off side play, or holding an opponent, unless he has the ball. No delay arising from any cause whatsoever shall continue more than five minutes.

(b) The penalty for fouls and violation of rules, except otherwise provided, shall be a down for the other side; or, if the side making the foul has not the ball, five yards to the opponents.

Rule 27

(a) A player shall be disqualified for unnecessary roughness, hacking or striking with closed fist.

(b) For the offenses of throttling, tripping up or intentional tackling below the knees, the opponents shall receive twenty-five yards, or a free-kick, at their option. In case, however, the twenty-five yards would carry the ball across the goal line they can have half the distance from the spot of the offense to the goal line, and shall not be allowed a free-kick.

Rule 28

A player may throw or pass the ball in any direction except towards opponents' goal. If the ball be batted in any direction or thrown forward it shall go down on the spot to opponents.

Rule 29

If a player when off side interferes with an opponent trying for a fair catch, by touching him or the ball, or waving his hat or hands, the opponent may have a free-kick, or down, where the interference occurred.

Rule 30

(a) If a player having the ball be tackled and the ball fairly held, the man so tackling shall cry "held," the one so tackled must cry "down," and some player of his side put it down for a scrimmage. The snapper back and the man opposite him cannot pick out the ball with the hand until it touch a third man; nor can the opponents interfere with the snapper-back by touching the ball until it is actually put in play. Infringement of this nature shall give the side having the ball five yards at every such offense. The snapper-back is entitled to full and undisturbed possession of the ball. If the snapper-back be off side in the act of snapping back, the ball must be snapped again; and if this occurs three times on same down, the ball goes to opponents. The man who first receives the ball, when snapped back from 16 a down, or thrown back from a fair, shall not carry the ball forward under any circumstances whatever. If, in three consecutive fairs and downs, unless the ball cross the goal line, a team shall not have advanced the ball five or taken it back twenty yards, it shall go to the opponents on spot of fourth. "Consecutive" means without leaving the hands of the side holding it, and by a kick giving opponents fair and equal chance of gaining possession of it. When the referee, or umpire, has given a side five yards, the following down shall be counted the first down.

(b) The man who puts the ball in play in a scrimmage cannot pick it up until it has touched some third man. "Third man" means any other player than the one putting the ball in play and the man opposite him.

Rule 31

If the ball goes into touch, whether it bounds back or not, a player on the side which touches it down must bring it to the spot where the line was crossed, and there either

I. Bound the ball in the field of play or touch it in with both hands at right angles to the touch line, and then run with it, kick it, or throw it back; or

II. Throw it out at right angles to the touch line; or

III. Walk out with it at right angles to touch line any distance not less than five nor more than fifteen yards, and there put it down, first declaring how far he intends walking. The man who puts the ball in must face field or opponents' goal, and he alone can have his foot outside touch line. Any one except him who puts his hands or feet beween the ball and his opponents' goal is off side. If it be not thrown out at right angles either side may claim it thrown over again, and if it fail to be put in play fairly in three trials it shall go to the opponents.

Rule 32

A side which has made a touchdown in their opponents' goal must try at goal, either by a place-kick or a punt-out. If the goal be missed the ball shall go as a kick-off at the center of the field to the defenders of the goal.

Rule 33

(a) If the try be by a place-kick, a player of the side which has touched the ball down shall bring it up to the goal line, and, making a mark opposite the spot where it was touched down, bring it out at right angles to the goal line such distance as he thinks proper, and there place it for another of his side to kick. The opponents must remain behind their goal line until the ball has been placed on the ground.

(b) The placer in a try-at-goal may be off side or in touch without vitiating the kick.

Rule 34

If the try be by a punt-out the punter shall bring the ball up to the goal line, and, making a mark opposite the spot where it was touched down, punt out from any spot behind line of goal and not nearer the goal post than such mark, to another of his side, all of whom must stand outside of goal line not less than fifteen feet. If the touchdown was made in touch-in-goal the punt-out shall be made from the intersection of the goal and touch lines. The opponents may line up anywhere on the goal line except space of five feet on each side of punter's mark, but cannot interfere with punter, nor can he touch the ball after kicking it until it touch some other player. If a fair catch be made from a punt-out the mark shall serve to determine positions as the mark of any fair catch. If a fair catch be not made on the first attempt the ball shall be punted over again, and if a fair catch be not made on the second attempt the ball shall go as a kick-off at the center of the field to the defenders of the goal.

Rule 35

A side which has made a touch back or a safety must kick out, except as otherwise provided (see rule 32), from not more than twenty-five yards outside the kicker's goal. If the ball go into touch before striking a player it must be kicked out again, and if this occurs three times in succession it shall be given to opponents as in touch on twenty-five-yard line on side where it went out. At kick-out opponents must be on twenty-five-yard line or nearer their own goal.

Rule 36

The following shall be the value of each point in the scoring:

Goal obtained by touchdown, ...


Goal from field kick, ......................


Touchdown failing goal, ................


Safety by opponents. ................................