Baskerville, the printer, carried on his business in Birmingham. Wilmore and Pye, the engravers, David Cox, and Burne-Jones were Birmingham men. Dr Joseph Priestley was a Unitarian minister in Birmingham; here, too, was the chapel of the brilliant lecturer George Dawson. Birmingham, which, Mr Joseph Chamberlain claims, is the best-governed city in the world, was incorporated in 1838, and became a county borough and a city in 1888. In 1867 the number of parliamentary representatives was increased from two to three, and in 1885 it was divided into seven parliamentary districts, each returning one member. The population in 1770 was 30,806, which by 1801 had increased to 60,822, by 1851 to 232,841, by 1871 to 343,787, by 1881 to 400,774, by 1891 to 478,113, by 1901 to 533,040.

See Hutton's History of Birmingham (1781), and Bunce's History of the Corporation (1885); Langford's Century of Birmingham Life (2 vols. 1868); and Dent's Old and New Birmingham (2 vols. 1879-80), and The Making of Birmingham (1894).