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A Practical Treatise On The Joints Made And Used By Builders | by Wyvill J. Christy



In the construction of various kinds of engineering and architectural works, with especial reference to those wrought by artificers in erecting and finishing habitable structures

TitleA Practical Treatise On The Joints Made And Used By Builders
AuthorWyvill J. Christy
PublisherCrosby Lockwood And Co.
Year1904
Copyright1904, Crosby Lockwood And Co.
AmazonPractical treatise on the joints made and used by builders

By Wyvill J. Christy, Architect And Surveyor

With upwards of one hundred and sixty engravings on wood

A Practical Treatise On The Joints Made And Used B 1
-Preface
The present work is compiled with the object of its forming a suitable companion to the useful Treatises on Architecture and Engineering included in this series, and which have proved so popular. In ...
-Introductory
A joint is the place where two different portions or pieces of a structure meet or unite, and it consequently forms the division or union between them, as well as a constituent factor of the structure...
-Section I. Joints Used In Drainage
Asphalte Joint Asphalte Joint is a means adopted for jointing socketed sewer-pipes, and is said to possess besides the qualities of adhesiveness, elasticity, and imperviousness, the power of resistin...
-Joints Used In Drainage. Continued
Collar Joint This consists in its simplest form of a butt joint encompassed by a collar, as explained under that head. In sewer-pipes the collar must be fixed by being run with asphalte or cement. Su...
-Section II. Bricklayers' Joints
Angular Joint Angular Joint is one in which an angle is formed in one of the bricks, as exemplified in the cutting called a birdsmouth, Fig. 1. Arch Joint This usually radiates. In the so-called ...
-Bricklayers' Joints. Part 2
Bed Or Bedding Joint This lies between the courses, or between the bottom course and the bearing stratum, and is that on which almost every part of a construction rests. It is exposed to perpendicula...
-Bricklayers' Joints. Part 3
Broken Joint This is explained under Bonding Joint, and may be made by lapping or crossing. It is essential in all good bond, and is introduced wherever possible at all the parts of the composite car...
-Bricklayers' Joints. Part 4
Collar Joint Collar Joint in arch work is a continuous bed joint surrounding a ring course. It ought to be of regular and equal thickness between each course, otherwise the thickest will shrink most ...
-Bricklayers' Joints. Part 5
False Joint False Joint is a face joint occurring in tuck pointing or in the horizontal joints of gauged arches, or in any other way to imitate a real joint, which under these circumstances must be c...
-Bricklayers' Joints. Part 6
Grouted Joint This is explained in the Mason's Section and is employed in order to fill the open joints and splits in the interior of brick walls which flushing will not reach. The mortar should if...
-Bricklayers' Joints. Part 7
Keyed Joint Keyed Joint is a modification of a flush joint produced by grooving its centre with a jointer, or key, or pointer having a rounded edge, which is rubbed along the joint so as to press the...
-Bricklayers' Joints. Part 8
Parallel Joint One that is contained between parallel planes. To secure this in arch work the bricks must be wedge-shaped. Pat Joint Pat Joint is an abbreviation for tuck and pat joint, and is th...
-Bricklayers' Joints. Part 9
Recessed Joint Recessed Joint is one raked back, or grooved for effect. One variety has been described under Keyed Joint. Though often admired for the play of light and shade which it affords, it is ...
-Bricklayers' Joints. Part 10
Thick Joint The remarks under Coarse Joint are here applicable, for coarse and thick joints are interchangeable terms. What would be considered thick in facing, however, are not so in hearting or ba...
-Bricklayers' Joints. Part 11
Tie Joint Tie Joint is a bed joint strengthened by means of hoop-iron built therein for a tie. It has already been described under bond. In the case of chimneys rising above the roof, crossings of th...
-Bricklayers' Joints. Part 12
Wall Joint Another name for a back joint. Its thickness is usually about 3/8 in. Weather Joint Weather Joint is one designed or protected with a contrivance to keep out wet, or wind and wet. To t...
-Section III. Masons' Joints
Angular Joint occurs in joggling, back rebating, etc. Arch Joint Arch Joint is a bed joint between two voussoirs or arch stones. It usually radiates, and is always more inclined to the horizon nea...
-Masons' Joints. Part 2
Bag Joint When bags of cement are sunk to the bottom of cylinders and rammed down to form foundations where loose cement would be washed away, they virtually become in time solid blocks separated by ...
-Masons' Joints. Part 3
Blown Joint A joint may be blown either through the swelling of cement, or in work exposed to the action of waves from hydrostatic pressure on the air confined in the joint. Bolted Joint, - Massive ...
-Masons' Joints. Part 4
Broken Joint As will be gathered from the last paragraph, this is the antithesis of a straight joint, and equally necessary in masonry for appearance and strength, excepting, however, at the beds, wh...
-Masons' Joints. Part 5
Circular Joint Circular Joint is one in which either circular sunk or spherical work occurs. It is made when he and she joggles are of circular or curved profile, or when the bed joints of arch stone...
-Masons' Joints. Part 6
Coursing Joint Coursing Joint is the same as described in the Bricklayers' Section. Cramp or Cramped Joint occurs in masonry when two blocks are locked together with a metal or slate cramp. If of me...
-Masons' Joints. Part 7
Dowel Led Joint This is a joint fortified against lateral motion by inserting into opposite mortise holes in abutting stones a pin or plug of simple section and hard durable material, and of a size...
-Masons' Joints. Part 8
Filleted Joint Fillets of stone may be built up with the wall to receive the slating, as described under the corresponding bricklayers' joint. Fine Joint The fine joints of ashlar are usually for...
-Masons' Joints. Part 9
Grooved And Tongued Joint This term is given to a joint between two stones connected by a long he and she joggle, or else by a groove and gunmetal tongue. There are no such alternative names as dist...
-Masons' Joints. Part 10
Joggle Joint This term is applied to a square, semicircular, angular, or otherwise shaped tongue and groove joint generally of equal depth the full way through, excepting at the face, near which it ...
-Masons' Joints. Part 11
Mitre Joint Mitre Joint is the line or plane of union bisecting the angle of junction of blocks, mouldings, etc, when meeting at any angle less than two right angles. In masonry, mitres are scarcely ...
-Masons' Joints. Part 12
Perpendicular Joint This is the same as in bricklayers' work. There are one or two exceptions, however, inasmuch as external architraves and other stone dressings introduce a long description of pe...
-Masons' Joints. Part 13
Radiating Joint Radiating Joint is one whose direction is obtained from, or whose tendency is towards, a centre or axis. In a right arch it was formerly called a summering by workmen, and in bridges ...
-Masons' Joints. Part 14
Recessed Joint A rustic joint, described below, being grooved or channelled affords a good example of what may be done by recessing the joints and making them a bold characteristic feature of the wor...
-Masons' Joints. Part 15
Saddle Joint Saddle Joint is the outcome of the operation known as saddling the joint, which consists in not weathering the stones of a cornice or coping quite up to the joints, but leaving them at t...
-Masons' Joints. Part 16
Straight Joint This is described in Section II. Strap or Strapped Joint results from strengthening masonry by building therein wrought iron straps and connecting them by means of rod bolts or tie-...
-Masons' Joints. Part 17
Transverse Joint This is one of the alternative names of a cross joint. True Joint One that is made between two parallel planes, and therefore free from twist or, in other words, out of winding...
-Section IV. Tilers' Joints
Back Joint This corresponds with that of the same name made by the slater. Bed or Bedding Joint Bed or Bedding Joint is made by hanging plain or crown tiles on laths with oak or fir pins, or larg...
-Tilers' Joints. Continued
Flanched Joint Flanched Joint is one protected by a weathering or covering, consisting of one or more tiles bedded slantwise over it in mortar or cement. Flanching answers the same purpose as the fil...
-Section V. Slaters' Joints
Back Joint Back Joint is the same as that formed by torching or back-pointing, and is described under Torched Joint. Bed Or Bedding Joint Slates are bedded on close boarding either rough or wroug...
-Slaters' Joints. Part 2
Close Cut Joint This signifies that the slates are not trimmed with too ragged edges, but cleanly cut to fit closely at the doubling eaves course and wherever necessary at hips and ridges, or where d...
-Slaters' Joints. Part 3
Mortar Joint Slates are bedded in mortar on boarding to obtain a sound bearing if much running about over them is expected. This process is further noticed under Shouldered Joint. If rendered on the ...
-Slaters' Joints. Part 4
Side Joint Side Joint is one between the edges of slates, which are always left more or less ragged and bevelled after being trimmed. Some slaters prefer laying slates not quite close, but a trifling...
-Section VI. Carpenters' Joints
Abutting Joint This is common in carpentry, and occurs whenever the end of one timber or piece is adjusted to bear upon any part of another, either for support or for prolongation or continuation. ...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 2
Bed Or Bedding Joint Owing to the universality of this joint it will be possible only to allude to one or two of its varieties. The ends of flitch girders and other large beams are bedded on stone te...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 3
Bolted Joint This is one which depends either entirely or partially upon one or more screw bolts and nuts for its efficacy and security. A screw bolt, which should be forged from best bar-iron (if ...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 4
Brace Joint Brace Joint is one connecting a brace to the timber or element it helps to confine. As a brace is either a strut or tie, the connection will accordingly be either in compression or tensio...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 5
Chase Mortise Joint This is formed by cutting a chase or mortise having elongated and diminishing cheeks, so that the tenon, on being inserted obliquely into it, can be ' slid or driven home sidew...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 6
Dovetailed And Halved Joint A description of halving in which a dovetailed notch is formed to prevent drawing, but which is untrustworthy for connecting ties. Timber shrinks about 2 per cent, in widt...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 7
Half Lap Joint Half Lap Joint is another name for the common variety of halved joint. Halved Joint Halved Joint is produced by halving or notching half through, and is used for connecting timbers...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 8
Joggle Joint When a mortised piece is shouldered or expanded to receive the shoulders of the tenon, or when the cheeks of the mortise have jogs or notches to increase the abutting surface, such piec...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 9
Lead Or Leaded Joint A piece or plate of lead used formerly to be sometimes inserted between the abutting surfaces of timber joints to equalise if possible, and more fairly distribute, transmitted pr...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 10
Mortise and Tenon Joint Mortise and Tenon Joint is formed by inserting a tenon into its corresponding mortise, so that the shoulders of the tenon bear upon the abutting cheeks of the mortise in verti...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 11
Notch or Notched Joint Notch or Notched Joint is made when two pieces cross each other, and is used largely in letting down bridging and ceiling joists on binders, and purlins on principals, etc. A r...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 12
Piecing Joint Piecing Joint is one effected by a scarf for the purpose of adding a piece having the same cross section to the length of a timber or plank, or of bringing up the width and thickness of...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 13
Pulley Mortise Joint Pulley Mortise Joint is another term for a chase mortise joint. Radiating Joint Radiating Joint is made when the direction of two or more joints tends towards a centre or axi...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 14
Screw Shackle Joint This is similar to the joint of the same name described in the next section. It is used by the carpenter with tie-rods in strutting to floors, in composite timber and iron princ...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 15
Splayed Joint Splayed Joint is a scarf in which the lapping ends are bevelled or cut slantingly, as in Fig. 58, so as to be oblique to the upper and under surfaces of the lengthened beam. Splice Join...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 16
Strap and Cotter Joint Strap and Cotter Joint is one strengthened with a strap, admitting of adjustment by means of wedges or keys, commonly called cotters, described under Cottered Joint, and which ...
-Carpenters' Joints. Part 17
Toothed Joint Toothed Joint is a scarfed joint with serrated tables and indents, and has been already noticed under its alternative appellation of Serrated Joint. Transverse Joint occurs when the fi...
-Section VII. Smiths' Joints
Abutting Joint In girder work, webs ought to be made to abut fairly against flanges. Where cast iron arched ribs are cast in segments, the abutting flanges of the joints should be truly planed, or ch...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 2
Anchor Joint More correctly, perhaps, Anchor and Collar Joint, which is the name given to a device forming the top hinge of a lock, dock, or other heavy gate. A strong piece called the anchor is firm...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 3
Bed Or Bedding Joint Iron columns and stanchions may be bedded on stone or concrete by making the joint with asphalted felt, milled lead, iron cement, molten lead, sulphur, or Portland cement. With e...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 4
Bolted Joint In connecting the parts of cast iron structures, bolts and nuts are indispensable, since riveting is out of the question, on account of the hammering required for the operation and the c...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 5
Brace Joint Brace Joint is met with notably at the junction of cross-bracing with screw piles, columns, etc, in wind-bracing to roofs, etc, and may be either riveted, keyed, or bolted according to ci...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 6
Caulked Joint Caulked Joint is water-tight, and occurs in piping, wrought and cast ironwork, etc, and is made by stuffing the cavity in the socket, or between plates, castings, etc, with oakum, brown...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 7
Chipped And Filed Joint This is effected by knocking off the hardened scale or protuberances on the surfaces of castings, etc, by means of a hammer and cold chisel, called a chipping chisel, having...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 8
Close Joint This will be found noticed under Tight Joint. Collar Joint Long rings or detached sockets with internal threads connecting lengths of iron barrel, tie-rods, etc, are termed collars, a...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 9
Coupling Joint Coupling Joint is formed by means of a coupling, which is a device for connecting parts together, and almost as diversified as joint itself. Amongst builders it usually takes the form ...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 10
Dovetail Joint This is found occasionally in smiths' work, and an instance of its application occurs at the junctions of the ends of window bars in some varieties of wrought iron frames. Dowel L...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 11
Eye Joint When a rod or bar is swelled out at the end and formed into an eye or hole for a bolt or pin, the joint so effected is an eye joint. In simple trusses bolts or small pins are commonly used ...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 12
Flange Joint This is made by uniting together projecting rims called flanges, as shown in Fig. 83, with rivets or bolts and nuts, the former of which are not used with cast iron. The abutting flang...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 13
Grooved Joint Grooved Joint, - This is formed by means of a groove, as, for instance, when piles or cylinders for submerging are cast with vertical lateral indented grooves, into which plates of timb...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 14
Iron Cement Joint Iron Cement Joint is one stopped with iron cement. This composition is prepared as follows : - Two parts of flower of sulphur, three parts of muriate of ammonia, and 16 parts of wro...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 15
Lightning Conductor Joint This should be carefully hard soldered, and as few joints as possible used. Longitudinal Joint Longitudinal Joint is one running lengthwise. It sometimes occurs as a sor...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 16
Pipe Joint Pipe Joint is a junction between two pipes without, as a rule, reducing their carrying capacity or fullway, and is usually made by means of a spigot and socket, or with flanges, or a coupl...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 17
Punched Joint A riveted joint in which the rivet holes are punched and not drilled. As already observed, there appears to be a diversity of opinion amongst those well entitled to judge as to whether ...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 18
Riveted Joint Riveted Joint is formed when plate, bar, angle, or T- irons, & c, are united by rivets usually made out of a tough and ductile iron, either scrap or a quality specially manufactured for...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 19
Run Joint Small wrought iron columns cut from gas tubing are sometimes united to cast iron sole plates by running with molten iron in preference to lead. Iron cramps used for uniting blocks of masonr...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 20
Sand Joint Sand Joint is formed by turning down the edges of a lid or cover and making them dip into a continuous groove filled with sand. It is nearly air-tight, and is used with some kinds of stove...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 21
Shoe Joint This is formed by means of a cast iron shoe or chair, which is a medium of uniting beams, or rods, or rafters to walls, columns, or overhead girders, and struts to suspending rods, etc. ...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 22
Spigot And Faucet Joint This is the same as the spigot and socket joint. Spigot and Socket Joint Spigot and Socket Joint is formed by inserting the spigot or straight end of one tubular piece i...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 23
T-Joint T-Joint is formed by uniting pipes or plates by means of a T-piece shaped like the letter T. A gas main must be bladdered, and a bye pipe inserted before a portion of the main can be cut out ...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 24
Triple Riveted Joint Triple Riveted Joint is an arrangement of rivets in three rows instead of in two as in double riveting, by which means the rivets can be spaced at greater distances apart to obta...
-Smiths' Joints. Part 25
Wedged Joint The use of the wedge in securing joints is very commonly met with. Cottered joints owe their adjustability to wedges. Columns are wedged up plumb before running their bed joints. Overhea...
-Section VIII. Joiners' Joints
Angle Joint Angle Joint is one occurring at an angle. A mitre is pre-eminently an angle joint, but apart from those thus distinguished there are many others with specific names, such, for instance, a...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 2
Cistern Joint Cistern Joint is a sort of grooved and tongued joint, the groove being worked on the side of the board. When Fig. 98. Fig. 99. Fig. 100. Fig. 101. Clamped Joint Th...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 3
Dowelled Joint Dowelled Joint is formed by placing the meeting edges of two boards true and square, with iron or hard wood pins or pegs called dowels inserted between them, as shown in Fig. 106, at e...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 4
Glued or Glued Up Joint Glued or Glued Up Joint is one in which glue is used between the edges of boards, etc, to unite their surfaces or to impart additional strength to the junction. It is effected...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 5
Hammer Headed Key Joint This is sometimes found in the heads of circular window frames, the radiating joints being tightened up and held together by means of a key of hard wood with both extremitie...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 6
India-Rubber Joint A strip of this material is occasionally used as a weather joint on a casement sill. Key Joint This arises in joinery when dados, etc, are keyed by means of stiff tapering piec...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 7
Mitre Clamped Joint Mitre Clamped Joint is made when a clamped joint is mitred as in Fig. 103. Mitred Dovetail Joint This is another name for the lapped and mitred dovetail, under which term a ...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 8
Piecing Joint This is a species of scarf, and often occurs in reparations. It usually consists in a glued-up square-edged joint running in one direction parallel to the fibres, but always oblique t...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 9
Rebated and Beaded Joint Rebated and Beaded Joint is a joint between two boards, one of which is rebated, and the other beaded and sometimes rebated as well. Figs. 127 and 128 furnish examples. Re...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 10
Screw Joint Screw Joint is one fixed by wood screws or screw nails, commonly called screws, which are made of brass, copper, or iron. The latter kind are sold in various thicknesses, and in more than...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 11
Seam Joint This is a plane longitudinal joint. Secret Dovetail Joint is another name for the mitred dovetail. Secret Nailed Joint occurs when the heads of nails are concealed from view by an overl...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 12
Slip Joint A chase mortise joint, or one formed by slipping the edge of a board, etc, into a dovetailed, rectangular, or other groove or chase, is so called. By cutting channels in the proper directi...
-Joiners' Joints. Part 13
Wedged Joint The joiner tightens up a mortise joint by fixing the tenon already close home to its shoulders with one or two acutely edged wedges cut out of clean straight-grained wood, coated with wh...
-Section IX. Plasterers' Joints
Angular Joint This is formed when the edges of grounds are bevelled off to enable the plasterer upon laying on his first coat of rough stuff to key it well against and behind them. Similarly it is ...
-Section X. Plumbers' Joints
Astragal Joint Astragal Joint is a copper-bit joint ornamented with one or more astragals. An astragal is a small moulding of semi-circular profile, and, amongst other uses, was employed by the ancie...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 2
Blown Joint Blown Joint is a soldered joint made with a blowpipe (under which name in Section XIV. it is more fully described) or aeolipile, otherwise blowing apparatus or blowing lamp. When this jo...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 3
Butt Joint Butt Joint is made between two pipes by means of a steel core or cast iron cylinder fitting the bore of the pipes when raised to the same heat as the solder, and attached to a chain for re...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 4
Dog's Ear Joint This is formed by turning up two adjacent edges of a piece of sheet lead at right angles, pinching the corners together, and then doubling back the pinched-up part against the upsta...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 5
Expansion Joint Expansion Joint is one devised for averting the disastrous effects of interrupted expansion and contraction due to changes of temperature. The mediaeval plumbers as a rule laid lead a...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 6
Flexible Joint Flexible Joint is formed between two pipes with plain ends united with a piece of india-rubber tubing. Float Or Flow Joint This is the ordinary copper-bit joint already described...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 7
Longitudinal Joint This is made when two edges are united, either on the roof, etc, or in pipe-making. The weld or seam of the pipe made by hydraulic pressure and not drawn is said to be sometimes ...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 8
Plugged Joint This is effected by drilling a hole with a stone drill and working it larger at the back to prevent the plug from drawing. The proper-sized screws selected for fixing the work are the...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 9
Rolled Joint A wiped soldered joint between a pipe and union, effected by rolling the pipe, with the union temporarily attached to it with small wedges or any other equally effective contrivance, whi...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 10
Screw Joint Screw Joint is used in attaching lead covering to boarding, etc, with wood screws. Sinkings are made in the wood where the screws are to go, the lead is dressed down into them, and one or...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 11
Slip Socket Joint This is a socket joint furnished with a contrivance, as shown in Fig. 148, to allow a length of metal piping freedom to expand and contract during the passage through it in almost...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 12
Striped Joint An old-fashioned variety of wiped pipe joint, characterized by having the bulbous protuberance ridged or ribbed and somewhat unfinished in appearance when contrasted with the smooth sym...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 13
Underhand Joint Underhand Joint is a wiped soldered joint made on a horizontal pipe brought out 2 in. or 3 in. from the wall for the hand to get round. The mode of making it is fully described under ...
-Plumbers' Joints. Part 14
Welded Joint This has been already described under its alternative title of Overlapping Joint. It possesses the advantage over the roll joint of not taking quite so much lead - the height of the two ...
-Section XI. Zincworkers' Joints
Capped Joint Capped Joint is made between two sheets and in the direction of the current by means of a roll cap when zinc is used for roofs over boarding. One of the best descriptions of cap, and tha...
-Zincworkers' Joints. Continued
Heading Joint Heading Joint is the same as that of the plumber. Fig. 151. Fig. 152. Lap Or Lapped Joint Besides the description of the similarly termed joint given in Section X., which is...
-Section XII. Coppersmiths' Joints
Brazed Joint Brazed Joint is the union of the cleaned, brightened, and truly fitted edges or surfaces of brass, copper, iron, and gunmetal, by hard soldering, which is effected by temporarily steadyi...
-Section XIII. Glaziers' Joints
Beaded Joint occurs when squares are stopped with fixed or shifting beads attached to the sash with nails or screws. Occasionally they are brass bronzed and moulded, and fixed with brass screws throug...
-Glaziers' Joints. Continued
Open Joint Under this head may be named the device for enabling condensed water to run off from the interior of stone windows in churches, chapels, and public rooms. A piece of lead is dressed down o...
-Section XIV. Gasfitters' Joints
Ball And Socket Joint A joint formed by a ball enclosed within and accurately fitting a socket, consisting of about three-fourths of a hollow sphere, the absent portion of which affords space for the...
-Gasfitters' Joints. Part 2
Copper-Bit Joint As a rule this is not recommended for uniting gas-pipes, but when it is used the same procedure must be followed as described under the Plumber, the essential point being to properly...
-Gasfitters' Joints. Part 3
Sliding Joint Sliding Joint is a sort of telescopic joint, and may be either hydraulic or else formed by means of a cork or hempen stuffing attached to the inner or sliding pipe, to allow it to work ...
-Gasfitters' Joints. Part 4
Union Joint Union Joint is a mode of uniting the ends of pipes by-means of a coupling, which always consists of not less than three pieces, two of which are usually either screwed or soldered to the ...
-Section XV. Paperhangers' Joints
Butt Joint Butt Joint is usual with lining paper the edges of which do not lap but meet at a butt. The best papers are also edged, so that both margins are cut off close to the pattern in accurately ...
-Section XVI. Paviors' Joints
Asphalte Joint This is used in street paving, the granite sets being laid and bedded on a coating of about 3 in. of gravel, spread over a foundation of hard material about 1 ft. in thickness. The j...
-Weale's Rudimentary Series
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IIi. Grammar of the English Tongue, Spoken and Written. With an Introduction to the Study of Comparative Philology. By Hyde Clarke, D.C.L. Fourth Edition, Is. 6d. ii*. Philology : Handbook of the Com...
-The School Managers' Series Of Reading Books
Adapted to the Requirements of the New Code. Edited by the Rev. A. R. Grant, Rector of Hitcham, and Honorary Canon of Ely; formerly H.M. Inspector of Schools. Introductory Primer, 3d. s. ...
-Latin
19. Latin Grammar. Containing the Inflections and Elementary Principles of Translation and Construction. By the Rev. Thomas Goodwin, M.A., Head Master of the Greenwich Proprietary School, is. 20. La...
-Greek
14. Greek Grammar, in accordance with the Principles and Philological Researches of the most eminent Scholars of our own day. By Hans Claude Hamilton. is. 6d. 15,17. Greek Lexicon. Containing all the...
-Engineering, Surveying, Etc
Humbers New Work on Water-Supply. A COMPREHENSIVE TREATISE on the WATER-SUPPLY of CITIES and TOWNS. By William Humber, A.-M. Inst. C.E., and M. Inst. M.E. Illustrated with 50 Double Plates, 1 Single ...
-Engineering, Surveying, Etc. Part 2
Strains THE STRAINS ON STRUCTURES OF IRONWORK; with Practical Remarks on Iron Construction. By F. W. SHEILDS, M. Inst. C.E. Second Edition, with 5 Plates. Royal 8vo, 5s. cloth. The student cannot ...
-Engineering, Surveying, Etc. Part 3
Engineer. Practical Tunnelling PRACTICAL TUNNELLING : Explaining in detail the Setting out of the Works, Shaft-sinking and Heading-Driving, Ranging the Lines and Levelling under Ground, Sub-Excavatin...
-Engineering, Surveying, Etc. Part 4
Steam Engine TEXT-BOOK ON THE STEAM ENGINE. By T. M. Goodeve, M.A., Barrister-at-Law, Author of The Principles of Mechanics, The Elements of Mechanism, etc. Fourth Edition. With numerous Illustr...
-Engineering, Surveying, Etc. Part 5
Stationary Engine Driving STATIONARY ENGINE DRIVING. A Practical Manual for Engineers in Charge of Stationary Engines. By Michael Reynolds. Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. With Plates and Woodc...
-Engineering, Surveying, Etc. Part 6
Large Tunnel Shafts THE CONSTRUCTION OF LARGE TUNNEL SHAFTS. A Practical and Theoretical Essay. By J. H. Watson Buck, M. Inst. C.E., Resident Engineer, London and North-Western Railway. Illustrated w...
-Engineering, Surveying, Etc. Part 7
Roads And Streets THE CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS AND STREETS. In Two Parts. I. The Art of Constructing Common Roads. By Henry Law, C.E. Revised and Condensed. II. Recent Practice in the Construction of Ro...
-Mining, Metallurgy
Coal And Iron THE COAL AND IRON INDUSTRIES OF THE UNITED KINGDOM : comprising a Description of the Coal Fields, and of the Principal Seams of Coal, with returns of their Produce and its Distribution,...
-Naval Architecture, Navigation, Etc
Pocket Book for Naval Architects & Shipbuilders, THE NAVAL ARCHITECT'S AND SHIPBUILDER'S POCKET BOOK OF FORMULĘ, RULES, AND TABLES AND MARINE ENGINEER'S AND SURVEYOR'S HANDY BOOK OF REFERENCE. By Cle...
-Naval Architecture, Navigation, Etc. Part 2
Mathematical And Nautical Tables MATHEMATICAL TABLES, for Trigonometrical, Astronomical and Nautical Calculations; to which is prefixed a Treatise on Logarithms. By Henry Law, C.E. Together with a Se...
-Naval Architecture, Navigation, Etc. Part 3
The Young Architect's Book HINTS TO YOUNG ARCHITECTS. By G. Wightwick. New Edition. By G. H. Guillaume. 12mo, cloth, 4s. Will be found an acquisition to pupils, and a copy ought to be considered as...
-Naval Architecture, Navigation, Etc. Part 4
Handbook Of Specifications THE HANDBOOK OF SPECIFICATIONS ; or, Practical Guide to the Architect, Engineer, Surveyor, and Builder, in drawing up Specifications and Contracts for Works and Constructio...
-Carpentry, Timber, Etc
Tredgold's Carpentry, new and cheaper Edition. THE ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OF CARPENTRY : a Treatise on the Pressure and Equilibrium of Timber Framing, the Resistance of Timber, and the Construction of...
-Carpentry, Timber, Etc. Continued
Nicholson's Carpenter's Guide THE CARPENTER'S NEW GUIDE ; or, BOOK of LINES for CARPENTERS : comprising all the Elementary Principles essential for acquiring a knowledge of Carpentry. Founded on the ...
-Mathematics, Tables, Etc
Metrical Units and Systems, etc. MODERN METROLOGY : A Manual of the Metrical Units and Systems of the present Century. With an Appendix containing a proposed English System. By Lowis D'A. Jackson, A....
-Iron And Steel
IRON AND STEEL: a Work for the Forge, Foundry, Factory, and Office. Containing Information for Ironmasters and their Stocktakers ; Managers of Bar, Rail, Plate, and Sheet Rolling Mills; Iron and Metal...
-Science And Art. Gold And Gold-Working
THE GOLDSMITH'S HANDBOOK : containing full instructions for the Alloying and Working of Gold. Including the Art of Alloying, Melting, Reducing, Colouring, Collecting and Refining. Chemical and Physica...
-Electro-Plating, etc
ELECTROPLATING: A Practical Handbook. By J. W. Urquhart, C.E. Crown 8vo, 5s. cloth. Any ordinarily intelligent person may become an adept in electro-deposition with a very little science indeed, and ...
-Dentistry
MECHANICAL DENTISTRY. A Practical Treatise on the Construction of the various kinds of Artificial Dentures. Comprising also Useful Formulae, Tables, and Receipts for Gold Plate, Clasps, Solders, etc.,...
-Electricity
A MANUAL of ELECTRICITY; including Galvanism, Mag-netism, Diamagnetism, Electro-Dynamics, Magneto-Electricity, and the Electric Telegraph. By Henry M. Noad, Ph.D., F.C.S. Fourth Edition, with 500 Wood...
-Lightning, etc
THE ACTION of LIGHTNING, and the MEANS of DEFENDING LIFE AND PROPERTY FROM ITS EFFECTS. By Arthur Parnell, Major in the Corps of Royal Engineers. I2mo, 7s. 6d. cloth. [Fust published. Major Parnell...
-Lightning, etc. Part 2
Chemical Analysis THE COMMERCIAL HANDBOOK of CHEMICAL ANA-LYSIS ; or Practical Instructions for the determination of the Intrinsic or Commercial Value of Substances used in Manufactures, in Trades, a...
-Lightning, etc. Part 3
Mollusca A MANUAL OF THE MOLLUSCA ; being a Treatise on Recent and Fossil Shells. By Dr. S. P. Woodward, A.L.S. With Appendix by Ralph Tate, A.L.S., F.G.S. With numerous Plates and 300 Woodcuts. 3rd ...
-Lightning, etc. Part 4
Dye- Wares And Colours THE MANUAL of COLOURS and DYE-WARES: their Properties, Applications, Valuation, Impurities, and Sophistications. For the Use of Dyers, Printers, Drysalters, Brokers, etc. By J....
-Works In Science And Art, Etc
Delamotte's Works on Illumination & Alphabets. A PRIMER OF THE ART OF ILLUMINATION ; for the use of Beginners : with a Rudimentary Treatise on the Art, Practical Directions for its Exercise, and nume...
-Agriculture, Gardening
Youatt and Burn's Complete Grazier. THE COMPLETE GRAZIER, and FARMER'S and CATTLE-BREEDER'S ASSISTANT. A Compendium of Husbandry. By William Youatt, Esq., V.S. 12th Edition, very considerably enlarge...
-Agriculture, Gardening. Part 2
The Management Of Farms OUTLINES OF FARM MANAGEMENT, and the Organization of Farm Labour. Treating of the General Work of the Farm, Field, and Live Stock, Details of Contract Work, Specialties of Lab...
-Agriculture, Gardening. Part 3
Gardening For Ladies THE LADIES' MULTUM-IN-PARVO FLOWER GARDEN, and Amateur's Complete Guide. By S. Wood. Cr. 8vo, 3s. 6d. Bulb Culture THE BULB GARDEN, or, How to Cultivate Bulbous and Tuberous-...









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