This section is from the book "The Dogs Of Great Britain, America, And Other Countries. Their Breeding, Training, and Management in Health and Disease", by John Henry Walsh (Stonehenge). Also available from Amazon: The Dogs Of Great Britain, America And Other Countries.
Unlike the greyhound kennel in many respects, that which we are now considering must be adopted for from thirty to a hundred couples of hounds, and the accommodation should therefore be more extensive, while a less degree of protection from the weather is desirable, because these hounds must be constantly exposed to long-continued wind and wet, and should therefore be hardened to them.
The kennel should be placed upon some high and dry situation; the building should face the south, and there should be no large trees near it.
Nothing is more prejudicial to hounds than damp lodging-rooms, a sure cause of rheumatism and mange, to which dogs are peculiarly liable. I have seen them affected by rheumatism in various ways, and totally incapacitated from working. Sometimes they are attacked in the loins, but more often in the shoulders, both proceeding either from a damp situation, damp lodging-room, or damp straw, often combined with the abuse of mercury in the shape of physic. In building kennels, therefore, the earth should be removed from the lodging-room floor to the depth of a foot at least, and in its place broken stones, sifted gravel, or cinders, should be substituted, with a layer of fine coal-ashes, upon which the brick floor is to be laid, in cement or hot coal-ash mortar, taking care to use bricks which are not porous, or to over them with a layer of cement, which last is an admirable plan. Outside and close to the walls, an air-drain about three feet deep should be constructed with a draining pipe of two inch-bore at the bottom, and filled with broken stones to within six inches of the surface. This drain is to be carried quite round the building, and should fall into the main drain.
For a roof to the building, I prefer shingles to tiles as affording more warmth in winter and coolness in summer; but as slate or tiles are more agreeable to the eye, a thin layer of paper placed under the tiles will answer the purpose.
Over the center of the lodging-rooms should be a sleeping-apart ment for the feeder, which being raised above the level of the other roof, will break the monotony of its appearance. At the rear of the kennel there should be the boiling-house, feeding-court, straw-house, and separate lodgings for bitches. In front of the kennels, and extending round to the back door of the feeding-house, there should be a good large green yard enclosed by a wall 01 pickets. I prefer the former, although more expensive, because hounds, being able to see through the latter, will be excited by passing objects; and young hounds, for whose service the green yard is more particularly intended, are inclined to become noisy, barking and running round the fence when any strange dog makes his appearance.
In the boiling-house two cast-iron boilers will be required, one for the meal, the other for flesh. Pure water must be conducted in some way to the kennels, both for cleanliness and for the preparation of food, and this should be placed at the service of the kennel-man at all parts, so that there may be no excuse on the score of trouble in carrying it There must also be coolers fixed in proportion to the number of hounds, each couple requiring from half a foot to a foot superficial, according as it is intended to make the puddings daily or every other day. Stone or iron feeding and water-troughs are the best; the latter should be fixed high enough to keep them clean.
To each lodging-room there should be two doors; one at the back with a small sliding panel, and high up, through which the huntsman may observe the hounds without their seeing him; and another in the front with a large opening cut at the bottom, high enough and wide enough for a hound to pass through easily, and which should always be left open at night to allow free egress to the court. In addition, there must also be another between each of the rooms, so as to throw two into one in the summer for the purpose of making them more airy. The benches should be of pine or oak spars, and if they are made to turn up according to the following plan several advantages result. This plan is de scribed by a recent authority as follows: