This section is from the book "The Dogs Of Great Britain, America, And Other Countries. Their Breeding, Training, and Management in Health and Disease", by John Henry Walsh (Stonehenge). Also available from Amazon: The Dogs Of Great Britain, America And Other Countries.
These are of the various breeds described under the head of the terrier, but of smaller size than the average, and with great attention paid to their color and shape. The smooth English terrier, not exceeding 7 lbs. in weight, is much prized; and when he can be obtained of 3 1/2 or 4 lbs. weight, with perfect symmetry, and a good rich black and tan color without a white hair, he is certainly a very perfect little dog. The black lines ("pencilling") of the toes, and the richness of the tan on the cheeks and legs, are points much insisted on.
Fig. 37. - TOY TERRIER BELLE, AND BLACK-AND-TAN QUEEN HI.
Above is a portrait of Mr. Mapplebeck's wonderfully good toy terrier Belle, winner of the first prize at Birmingham, and at the late Kennel Club show held at the Alexandra Palace, together with his Queen III., also a first prize winner at the latter show in the class for black and tan or Manchester terriers - the latter serv-ing as a contrast to the former in point of size. This little dog is, in fact, the large black and tan terrier reduced in size from 15 lbs. or 16 lbs. to 3 lbs. or 4 lbs., the one being exactly a copy of the larger kind, except in size, and possessed of equal hardihood and spirit. The two bitches are reproduced with fidelity. The great difficulty is to breed such little dwarfs without loss of symmetry or substance, the general result being a reduction of the size of the body and an enlargement proportionally of the head. The pedigree of Belle is unknown.
As the points of this breed are precisely similar to those of the larger variety, it is needless to reproduce them here.
Most of the toy terriers now sold are either crossed with the Italian greyhound or the King Charles spaniel. With the former, the shape is preserved, and there is the greatest possible difficulty in distinguishing this cross from the pure English terrier; indeed, I am much inclined to believe that all our best modern toy terriers are thus bred. They have the beautiful long sharp nose, the narrow forehead, and the small sharp eye, which characterize the pure breed, but they are seldom good at vermin, though some which I have known to be half Italian have been bold enough to attack a good strong rat as well as most dogs. Many of these half-bred Italians are used for rabbit coursing, in which there is a limit to weight, but it is chiefly for toy purposes that large prices are obtained for them. When the cross with the spaniel has been resorted to, the forehead is high, the nose short, and the eye large, full, and often weeping, while the general form is not so symmetrical and compact; the chest being full enough, but the brisket not so deep as in the true terrier, or in the Italian cross.
The Skye Terrier, as used for toy purposes, is often crossed with the spaniel to get silkiness of coat. See page 77.
The points are as there described.
Scotch Terriers are seldom used as toys, and are not considered such by the fanciers of the animal.
The Halifax Blue Tan Terrier is a toy dog, whether the weight is 16 lbs. or 3 lbs., between which every gradation may be found. The color of the back is a blue, sometimes stained with fawn, all the rest of the body being a rich golden tan. The hair is long and silky, always parting down the middle, and very long at the muzzle, from which it hangs like a beard. The shape resembles that of the Scotch terrier.
The Italian Greyhound has been already described on page 52.