Belladonna

Deadly nightshade. This is a narcotic and sedative of very powerful action, and, like aconite, must be used with great caution. The tincture is the most useful preparation of it. Dose, from two to six drops.

Bonzoin, Tincture Of (Friar's Balsam)

An excellent application to cuts, tears, bites, etc. It should be applied as soon as the parts are cleaned from dirt, etc, to stop bleeding and protect the exposed surface. The tincture is also given in chronic coughs. Dose, ten or fifteen drops on sugar.

Bismuth

The subnitrate of bismuth has a soothing effect in,.stomach disorders, and in long-continued diarrhea is often most beneficial. Three to ten grains of it may in such cases be given twice a day in chalk mixture.

Bromide Of Potassium

This is very useful in epileptic fits and to allay excitement. It may be given in doses of from five to twenty grains, and where a dog is subject to fits, continued for two or three weeks. It has, however, a debilitating effect.

Buckthorn (Syrup Of)

This is a time-honored purgative for the dog, and a very good one, although it has got into disrepute, as I believe, through the rubbish that is too commonly sold under the name; or since it became obsolete as a medicine for man druggists have been less careful in its preparation. The syrup should be made from the fresh juice of the berries of buckthorn (Rhamous catharticus), a shrub or tree which grows plentifully in our woods and hedges. The average dose is one tablespoonful, and to prevent griping a teaspoonful of syrup of white poppies should be added.

Calomel

Acts as an emetic and purgative; it is at all times an uncertain and unsafe medicine for the dog. Youatt and others say it should never be given in larger doses than three grains. Country farriers and others often give it in much larger doses - indeed, by the rule of thumb - and the consequence is the death or utter ruin of many valuable dogs. As a remedy in the yellows and other affections of the liver, podophyllin, or "vegetable calomel," is safer and more effective.

Camphor

Calmative and antispasmodic. May be given in cases of excitement and restlessness, and also in severe diarrhea. The dose is from two to eight grains.

Carren Oil

A most useful application to scalds or burns. It is made by mixing equal parts of raw linseed oil and lime water.

Castor Oil

Purgative. Dose, from a teaspoonful to a wineglassful.

It is a mistake to give very large doses, as such are useless, the excess being carried off by the bowels.

Cayenne Pepper

Stimulant and stomachic.

Chalk, Prepared

Anticid in its effects; it is particularly useful in diarrhea, for which it may be given alone if nothing better can be conveniently had. Dose, as much as will lie on a quarter.

Chloral Hydrate

Antispasmodic and soporific. May be given in cases of fits, also when the dog suffers great pain. Dose, from five to twenty grains, according to size of dog, and the result it is desired to produce. The larger dose would induce sleep.

Chloroform

Principally used as an ancesthetic in painful operations. It also acts as an anodyne and antispasmodic in colic, etc. As such it is generally given in the form of chloric ether, the dose of which is from ten to thirty drops in water or other fluid.

Chinchona, Or Peruvian Bark

This is a well known medicine, and, as a tonic, suits the dog admirably. It is especially useful after distemper and other lowering diseases, and works wonders in getting dogs into high-class condition for shows or work. The following preparation of the bark is most convenient, being in concentrated form, and will keep good for years:

Concentrated Bark Tonic

Take concentrated decoction of yellow cinchona bark, compound tincture of bark, equal parts; dose, one to two tea-sponfuls twice daily in water, as a drench.

Cod Liver Oil

This well known medicine is given to the dog in cases of debility and emaciation supervening inflammatory attacks, and to arrest the progress of chronic diseases of the respiratory organs. It is also given in scrofulous affections. Excellent for ricketty and weakly dogs; but it is injurious to give it to strong growing pups of the larger breeds, as it makes fat, and the pups get so heavy the legs often give way. Dose, from a teaspoonful to a tablespoonful. Large doses are a mistake.

Copper, Sulphate Of (Blue Stone)

Externally applied, it is a mild caustic; internally administered, astringent and tonic; dose from 1/2 to 2 grains, but is apt to cause vomiting. In applying it to proud flesh in sores, choose a crystal with a smooth surface, which wet and rub on the part, or scrape a little into fine powder and dust over the sore.

Cream Of Tartar

A cooling laxative and diuretic. Dose, ten to twenty grains, given daily.

Dandelion

Given in jaundice, and other liver affections. The extract is the most convenient form, or the decoction made as follows may be given: Fresh dandelion roots, sliced, 6 ounces; water, 1 1/2 pints; boil slowly down to half a pint. Dose, half a wineglass.

Epsom Salts

Purgative. Dose, one to three drams. A convenient form for giving this salts is the ordinary black draught of the shops.

Ergot Of Rye

Useful in cases of protracted parturition. Five to fifteen grains may be given in a little warm water with a teaspoonful of brandy added. The dose repeated in an hour if needed.

Lather, Spirit Of Nitrous (Sweet Spirit Of Nitre)

Diaphoretic and diuretic. It is given in distemper, fevers, influenza, etc.