Olivaceous, or yellowish brown; a bright yellow line down the middle of the back: eyes very much elevated.

Rana Bufo, , Gmel. Linn. torn. i. part iii. p. 1047. R. Rubetra, Turt. Brit. An. p. 80. Bufo Rubeta, Flem. Brit. An. p. 159. B. terrest. fsetidus, Rces. Ran. tab. 24. f. 1. Natter-Jack, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 19. Jenyns in Camb. Phil. Trans. vol. in. p. 373. Mephitic Toad, Shaw, Gen. Zool. vol. iii. p. 149. pi. 43. Id. Nat Misc. vol. xxiii. pl. 999.


Length two inches seven lines and a half; hind leg two inches; fore leg one inch three lines.


(Form). General appearance similar to that of the last species; but the eyes more projecting, with the eye-lids very much elevated above the crown: porous protuberance behind the ears not so large: toes on the fore feet more nearly equal; the third, notwithstanding, a little longer than the others; first and second not shorter than the fourth: hind legs not so long as the body; the toes on these feet much less palmated than in the B. vulgaris; the sixth toe scarcely at all developed: skin similarly covered with warts and pimples. (Colours). Above, yellowish brown, or olivaceous, clouded here and there with darker shades; a line of bright yellow along the middle of the back; warts and pimples, especially the porous protuberance behind the eyes, reddish: beneath, whitish, often spotted with black: legs marked with transverse black bands.

First observed near Revesby Abbey in Lincolnshire, by the late Sir J. Banks. Has been since met with in plenty on many of the heaths about London, as well as on Gamlingay Heath in Cambridgeshire, and in two or three localities in Norfolk. Appears to affect dry sandy districts. Of much more active habits than the Common Toad, its pace being a kind of shuffling run: never leaps. Spawns later in the season.

* Brit Zool. vol. iii. p. 20.

† See, on this subject. Leach's Zoolopical Miscellany, vol. iii. p. 9. pl. 125.


Before concluding this family, it may be just stated, that amongst the British species, Merrett has enumerated the Tree Frog, (Ranunculus viridis, Pinax Rer. Nat. Brit. p. 169). This, however, is so obviously a mistake, that there is no occasion to dwell longer on the circumstance.