If, in addition to confidential relations and weakness of mind on the part of the party reposing trust and conv. Harris, 15S U. S. 326, 331, 39 L. ed. 1003.

Alabama. Louisville & N. R. Co. v. Huffstutler, 162 Ala. 619, 50 So. 146.

Iowa. Kelly v. Chicago, R. I. & P. Ry. Co., 138 la. 273, 114 N. W. 536.

Michigan. Stone v. Chicago, etc., Ry., 66 Mich. 76, 33 N. W. 24.

New York. Dixon v. Brooklyn City fidence, of whom it is alleged that advantage has been taken, it is further shown that the transaction was based on an inadequate consideration, the presumption of undue influence is greatly strengthened.1 If, in addition, the party holding the dominating position does not disclose to the other facts which it is his duty to disclose, the presumption of undue influence is still further strengthened,2 as an assignment by a beneficiary under a will to an executor who does not disclose facts known to him by virtue of his office.3 Circumstances of oppression and concealment still further strengthen this presumption, as where the conveyance is kept secret from the grantor's other children.4 A conveyance by one who is old and who is weak both physically and mentally, for a consideration of less than one-tenth of the real property, will be set aside, especially if the grantee represented that the deed conveyed ten acres of land when it really conveyed over seventy acres.5 A conveyance by one who is mentally weak to his half-brothers and sisters on his mother's side, in whom he has actual trust and confidence, in reliance upon their statement that they were the heirs of A's father, will be set aside.6 If a woman who is aged and illiterate is induced by her children, in whom she has confidence, to enter into a contract for conveying the estate of her deceased husband in violation of the provisions of his will, specific performance of such contract will be refused if it is shown that she entered into such contract in ignorance of her legal rights.7 A transaction by which a younger brother, who is habitually intoxicated and who has great confidence in his older brother, conveys property to such elder brother for an inadequate consideration, will be set aside.8

& N. R., 100 N. Y. 170, 3 N. E. 65. Wisconsin. Lusted v. Chicago, etc.,

Ry., 71 Wis. 391, 36 N. W. 857. 1 England. Turner v. Collins, L. R.

7 Ch. App. 329; Candy v. McCaulay, L. R. 31, Ch. Div. 1.

United States. Allore v. Jewell, 94 U. S. 506, 24 L. ed. 260; Crobb v. Watts, 249 Fed. 357.

Georgia. McKinnon v. Henderson, 145 Ga. 373, 89 S. E. 415.

Iowa. Bruguier v. Pepin, 106 la. 432, 76 N. W. 808; Wilkie v. Sassen, 123 la. 421, 99 N. W. 124.

Michigan. Smith v. Cuddy, 96 Mich. 562, 56 N. W. 89.

Nebraska. Weeke v. Wortmann, 84 Neb. 217, 120 N. W. 933; Buchanan v. Wilson, 97 Neb. 369, 149 N. W. 802.

North Carolina. Hodges v. Wilson, 165 N. Car. 323, 81 S. E. 340; Lamb v. Perry, 169 N. Car. 436, 86 S. E. 179.

South Carolina. Tuten v. McAlhaney, 106 S. Car. 328, 91 S. E. 328.

Vermont. Allen's Adm'r v. Allen's Adm'rs, 79 Vt. 173, 64 Atl. 1110; Jones v. Campbell, - Vt. - , L. R. A. 1918A, 1056, 102 Atl. 102; Crabb v. Watts, 249 Fed. 357.

2 Allore v. Jewell, 94 U. S. 506, 24 L. ed. 260.

3 Jones v. Campbell, - Vt. - , L. R. A. 1918A, 1056, 102 Atl. 102.

4 Reilly v. Brown, 87 Mich. 163, 49 N. W. 557.

5 Hodges v. Wilson, 165 N. Car. 323, 81 S. E. 340.

1 Jocobus v. Waits, 86 N. J. Eq. 148, 97 Atl. 958; Heckman v. Heckman, 215 Pa. St. 203, 114 Am. St. Rep. 953, 64 Atl. 425; Zeigler v. Shuler, 87 S. Car. 1, 68 S. E. 817; Allen's Administrator v. Allen's Administrators, 79 Vt. 173, 64 Atl. 1110.

Wife conveying to husband to prevent separation. Heckraan v. Heck-man, 215 Pa. St. 203, 114 Am. St. Rep. 953, 64 Atl. 425.

Parent conveying to child. Fonrestel v. Forrestel, 110 la. 614, 81 N. W. 797; Thompson v. Thompson (Ky.), 39 S. W. 822; Talbott v. Bedford (Ky.), 53 S. W. 294; Parker v. Parker, 45 N. J. Eq. 224, 16 Atl. 537; Mott v. Mott, 49 N. J. Eq. 192, 22 Atl. 997.

Uncle afflicted with mental weakness due to paralysis conveying to nephew. Dorsey v. Wolcott, 173 111. 539, 50 N. E. 1015.

Conveyance to physician in whose custody promisor is. Thomas v. Whitney, 186 111. 225, 57 N. E. 808.

Conveyance to nurse. Dingman v. Romine, 141 Mo. 466, 42 S. W. 1087.

Conveyance to agent. Burke v. Taylor, 94 Ala. 530, 10 So. 129; Darlington's Estate, 147 Pa. St. 624, 30 Am. St. Rep. 776, 23 Atl. 1046.

Conveyance to one who in fact exercises influence. Simonton v. Bacon, 49 Miss. 582; Stepp v. Frampton, 179 Pa. St. 284, 36 Atl. 177.

2Gay v. Witherspoon (Ky.), 16 S. W. 96.

3 Richards v. Pitts, 124 Mo. 602, 28 S. W. 88.

4 Conveyance to child. Cole v. Getz-inger, 96 Wis. 559, 71 N. W. 75; see Sec. 472.

5Hodges v. Wilson, 165 N. Car. 323, 81 S. E. 340.

6 Weeke v. Wortmann, 84 Neb. 217, 120 N. W. 933.