Reformation will not be given when the instrument as reformed would not be operative.1 If the instrument is a nullity,2 or if it can not operate by reason of the special circumstances of the case,3 reformation will not be given. If the parties have agreed that the grantor shall reserve certain interests, the mistake of the grantee or the misrepresentation of the grantor as to the rights of third persons in the interests thus reserved is not ground for reformation.4 Although a provision for reserving certain interests for a specified time is omitted' by mistake, reformation will not be given after the lapse of such period of time.5 No reformation will be given of a mortgage intended to prefer creditors.6 A bond given to settle a balance due on mutual accounts, which had been kept so loosely that it was impracticable to ascertain the true balance, will not be reformed to show such true balance.7 Hence, an instrument which does not purport to be a contract and was not meant as a contract, can not be reformed so as to be a contract. Thus a resolution by a council, directing the mayor to make a purchase from A, can not be reformed at A's instance so as to stand as a contract between the city and A.8 So where a married woman can be bound only in compliance with statute, reformation will not be given for deeds of married women.9 This rule is in force only where a married woman has no power whatever to bind herself other than in the manner provided for by statute. If a married woman has a wider power of making contracts, her contracts and conveyances may be reformed for mutual mistake like those of persons of normal status.10

20 United States. Snell v. Ins. Co., 98 U. S. 85, 25 L. ed. 52.

Connecticut. Woodbury, etc., Association v. Ins. Co., 31 Conn. 517.

Illinois. Keith v. Ins. Co., 52 111. 518, 4 Am. Rep. 624; German Ins. Co. v Gueck, 130 111. 345, 6 L. R. A. 835, 23 N. E. 112.

Nebraska. Cook v. Ins. Co., 60 Neb. 127, 82 N. W. 315.

New Hampshire. Scott v. Association, 63 N. H. 556, 4 Atl. 792.

21 Perry v. Young, 133 Tenn. 522, L. R. A. 1917B, 385, 182 S. W. 577.

22 Perry v. Young, 133 Tenn. 522, L. R. A. 1917B, 385, 182 S. W. 577.

23Henkleman v. Peterson, 154 111. 419, 40 N. E. 359 [s. c, 50 111. App 601]; State v. Frank, 51 Mo. 98; Nein-inger v. State, 50 O. S. 394, 40 Am. St. Rep. C74, 34 N. E. 633.

24Johnson v. Wilson, 111 Mich. 114, 69 N. W. 149.

25 Smith v. Watson, 88 Ia. 73, 55 N. W. 68.

26Burdett v. Sims, 26 Ky. (3 J. J. Mar.) 190; Talley v. Courtney, 48 Tenn. (1 Heisk.) 715.

27 Snyder v. May, 19 Pa. St. 235.

28 Wright v. Wright, 180 Ala. 343, 60 So. 931.

29 Stafford v. Fetters, 55 Ia. 484, 8 N. W. 322.

30 Foley v. Hamilton, 89 Ia. 686, 57 N. W. 439.

31 Wright v. Wright, 180 Ala. 343, 60 So. 931.

1 United States. Thompson v. Ins. Co., 25 Fed. 296.

Illinois. East St. Louis v. Mfg. Co., 34 111. App. 458.

Indiana. Williamson v. Hitner, 79 Ind. 233.

Kansas. Pennington v. Tolle, 99 Kan. 436, 162 Pac. 316.

New Mexico. Cleveland v. Bateman, 21 N. M. 675, 158 Pac. 648.

South Carolina. Williams v. Cudd, 26 S. Car. 213, 4 Am. St. Rep. 714, 2 S. . 14.

Virginia. Persinger v. Chapman, 93 Va. 349, 25 S. E. 5 [citing, Foster v. Ritson, 58 Va. (17 Gratt.) 321]; Chapman v. Persinger, 87 Va. 581, 13 S. E. 549.

2 Cleveland v. Bateman, 21 N. M. 675, 158 Pac. 648.

3 Holland Blow Stave Co. v. Barclay, 193 Ala. 200, 69 So. 118.

4 Pennington v. Tolle, 99 Kan. 436, 162 Pac. 316.

5 Holland Blow Stave Co. v. Barclay, 193 Ala. 200, 69 So. 118.

6 Miller v. Savage, 62 N. J. Eq. 746, 48 Atl. 1004.

A deed in part for love and affection and in part on valuable consideration may be reformed. Smith v. Barksdale, 110 Ga. 278, 34 S. E. 582.

7 Persinger v. Chapman, 93 Va. 349, 25 S. E. 5.

8 Carskaddon v. South Bend, 141 Ind. 596, 39 N. E. 667 [affirmed on rehearing, 141 Ind. 601, 41 N. E. 1].

9 Arkansas. Bowden v. Bland, 53 Ark. 53, 22 Am. St. Rep. 179, 13 S. W. 420.

California. Leonis v. Lazzarovich, 55 Cal. 52.

Illinois. Stodolka v. Novatny, 144 111. 125, 33 N. E. 534.

Iowa. Heaton v. Fryberger, 38 Ia. 185.

Missouri. McReynolds v. Grubb, 150 Mo. 352, 73 Am. St. Rep. 448, 51 S. W. 822.

Rhode Island. Cannon v. Beatty, 19 R. I. 524, 34 Atl. 1111.