"We have now reached the end of the first distinct division in the series of problems which we have been following. Up to this point the problems have been what we might call flat-work and straight bending problems; that is, they have been flat pieces of metal cut to shape with a design etched or saw-pierced on them, and lightly beaten into form on a block of wood with the ball-pein hammer, such as the watch-fob, paper-knife, etc. Next came the straight bending problems, such as the blotter, book-end, hinge, napkin-ring, etc.

The problems in the division which we are now beginning will teach in a simple progressive manner the construction of objects by seaming and riveting, and the process of raising a form or shape from flat metal by hammering. Annealing will also be involved.

Fig . 37. New tools required.

Fig. 37. New tools required.

The new tools necessary, Fig. 37, are as follows:

Iron vise with jaws 3 1/2" wide, cost about..... . ...........$3.80

No. 7293 neck hammer, cost about............ 1.25

Tinsmith's blow-horn stake, weight 14 pounds............. 3.50

The match-box holder, Figs. 38 and 40, is a problem that involves the processes of bending, riveting, and raising. The base is raised or beaten into shape with the neck hammer, the holder is bent into form over a wooden block and riveted to the base. The detailed method of making the match-holder is as follows: Take a small match-box and measure the width, length, and thickness; the box in the photograph is 1 1/2" wide, 2 1/4" long, and 3/4" thick. A piece of copper is cut out that will cover the two sides and one end. For a box of the above dimensions the piece of copper is 5 1/4" long and 1 1/2" wide. If a design is to be etched on the sides, it is easier to do it at this time, while the metal is flat.

Fasten in the vise a piece of wood that is the same thickness as the match-box. and with the hammer and mallet bend the copper over the wood and into shape, so that the box fits rather tight. Next cut a strip of copper 3 1/4" long and 1/2" wide and bend it with the pliers into shape as shown in the drawing, Fig. 39. This is to slip inside of the box cover and raise the box so that the matches can be easily removed. To make the base, cut a rectangular piece of copper 4 1/2" long and 3" wide, 18-gage thick; mark in the middle the size of the raised part upon which the box-holder is to be riveted, and hammer it into shape with the neck hammer on a block of wood held in the vise. Care must be taken to strike the copper just off the edge of the block of wood, as shown in No. 1, Fig. 39, then the metal will give and bend, as shown in No. 2.

Fig , 38. Match box holders.

Fig. 38. Match-box holders.